Cisco Security Advisory: TCP Vulnerabilities in Multiple IOS-Based Cisco Products
cisco-sa-20040420-tcp-ios
Published: 2004-04-20 22:20:17
Updated: 2004-04-20 22:20:17

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA1

Cisco Security Advisory: TCP Vulnerabilities in Multiple IOS-Based Cisco
Products

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2004 April 20 21:00 UTC (GMT)

- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
Summary
=======
A vulnerability in the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) specification
(RFC793) has been discovered by an external researcher. The successful
exploitation enables an adversary to reset any established TCP connection
in a much shorter time than was previously discussed publicly. Depending
on the application, the connection may get automatically re-established.
In other cases, a user will have to repeat the action (for example, open
a new Telnet or SSH session). Depending upon the attacked protocol, a
successful attack may have additional consequences beyond terminated
connection which must be considered. This attack vector is only
applicable to the sessions which are terminating on a device (such as a
router, switch, or computer) and not to the sessions that are only
passing through the device (for example, transit traffic that is being
routed by a router). In addition, this attack vector does not directly
compromise data integrity or confidentiality.

All Cisco products which contain TCP stack are susceptible to this
vulnerability.

This advisory is available at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040420-tcp-ios.shtml,
and it describes this vulnerability as it applies to Cisco products that
run Cisco IOS® software.

A companion advisory that describes this vulnerability for products that
do not run Cisco IOS software is available at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040420-tcp-nonios.shtml.

Affected Products
=================

Products which contain a TCP stack are susceptible to this vulnerability.
All Cisco products and models are affected. The severity of the exposure
depends upon the protocols and applications that utilize TCP.

This attack vector is only applicable to the sessions which are
terminating on a device (such as a router, switch, or computer), and not
to the sessions that are only passing through the device (for example,
transit traffic that is being routed by a router).

Details
=======
TCP is the transport layer protocol designed to provide
connection-oriented reliable delivery of a data stream. To accomplish
this, TCP uses a mixture of flags to indicate state and sequence numbers
to identify the order in which the packets are to be reassembled. TCP
also provides a number, called an acknowledgement number, that is used to
indicate the sequence number of the next packet expected. The packets are
reassembled by the receiving TCP implementation only if their sequence
numbers fall within a range of the acknowledgement number (called a
"window"). The acknowledgement number is not used in a packet with the
reset (RST) flag set because a reset does not expect a packet in return.
The full specification of the TCP protocol can be found at
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc0793.txt.

According to the RFC793 specification, it is possible to reset an
established TCP connection by sending a packet with the RST or
synchronize (SYN) flag set. In order for this to occur, the 4-tuple must
be known or guessed (source and destination IP address and ports)
together with a sequence number. However, the sequence number does not
have to be an exact match; it is sufficient to fall within the advertised
window. This significantly decreases the effort required by an adversary:
the larger the window, the easier it is to reset the connection. While
source and destination IP addresses may be relatively easy to determine,
the source TCP port must be guessed. The destination TCP port is usually
known for all standard services (for example, 23 for Telnet, 80 for
HTTP). Cisco IOS software uses predictable ephemeral ports for known
services with a predictable increment (the next port which will be used
for a subsequent connection). These values, while constant for a
particular Cisco IOS software version and protocol, can vary from one
release to another.

Here is an example of a normal termination of a TCP session:


                    Host(1)                       Host(2)
                      |                             |
                      |                             |
                      |  ACK ack=1001, window=5000  |
                      |<----------------------------|
                      |                             |



                  Host(1) is

             closing the session



                      |        RST seq=1001         |
                      |---------------------------->|
                      |                             |



                                                Host(2) is

                                            closing the session


In addition, the following scenario is also permitted:


                    Host(1)                       Host(2)
                      |                             |
                      |                             |
                      |  ACK ack=1001, window=5000  |
                      |<----------------------------|
                      |                             |



                  Host(1) is

             closing the session



                      |        RST seq=4321         |
                      |---------------------------->|
                      |                             |



                                                Host(2) is

                                            closing the session


Note how, in the second example, the RST packet was able to terminate the
session although the sequence number was not the next expected one (which
is 1001). It was sufficient for the sequence number to fall within the
advertised "window". In this example, Host(2) was accepting sequence
numbers from 1001 to 6001 and 4321 is clearly within the acceptable
range.

As a general rule, all protocols where a TCP connection stays established
for longer than one minute should be considered exposed.

The exposure on this vulnerability can be described as follows:


  * Cisco IOS - All devices running Cisco IOS software are vulnerable.
    Only TCP sessions that are terminating on the device itself are
    affected since this vulnerability only affects the endpoints of a
    session. Sessions passing through the device are vulnerable only if
    the originating or receiving device is vulnerable, but they cannot be
    attacked on the router itself. This vulnerability does not compromise
    data integrity or confidentiality. It only affects availability.

    This vulnerability is documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit as Bug IDs
    CSCed27956 ( registered customers only) and CSCed38527 ( registered
    customers only) .


  * Cisco IOS Firewall (IOS FW) - The Cisco IOS FW monitors packets
    passing throughout the router and maintains the session state
    internally. This way, it is possible to "open" required ports and
    allow traffic to pass and then close them after the session has
    finished. Since Cisco IOS FW intercepts and examines all packets
    passing through the device, all TCP sessions passing through the
    Cisco IOS FW are vulnerable to this attack. This is valid even if the
    originating and receiving devices themselves are not vulnerable.

    This vulnerability is documented in the Cisco Bug Toolkit as Bug ID
    CSCed93836 ( registered customers only) .


  * Network Address Translation (NAT) - This vulnerability does not have
    any effect on NAT. The NAT functionality simply rewrites ports and IP
    addresses. This feature does not interprete TCP flags and therefore
    is not vulnerable to this attack. However, the attacking packet will
    be passed through the router and the receiving device can be
    affected.


Impact
======
The impact will be different for each specific protocol. While in the
majority of cases a TCP connection will be automatically re-established,
in some specific protocols a second order of consequences may have a
larger impact than tearing down the connection itself.

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
- -----------------------------
The Cisco PSIRT has identified BGP as the protocol which has the greatest
potential for impact. Both external and internal (eBGP and iBGP) sessions
are equally vulnerable. If an adversary tears down a BGP session between
two routers, then all routes which were advertised between these two
peers will be withdrawn. This would occur immediately for the router
which has been attacked and after the next update/keepalive packet is
sent by the other router. The BGP peering session itself will be
re-established within a minute after the attack. Depending upon the exact
routing configuration, withdrawal of the routes may have any of the
following consequences:


  * No adverse effects at all if an appropriate static route(s) has(have)
    been defined on both sides of the affected session.

  * The traffic will be rerouted along other paths. This may cause some
    congestion along these paths.

  * A portion of the network will be completely isolated and unreachable.


If a BGP peering session is broken a few times within a short time
interval, then BGP route dampening may be invoked. Dampening means that
affected routes will be withdrawn from the Internet routing table for
some period of time. By default that time is 45 minutes. During that
time, all of the traffic whose route was advertised over the attacked BGP
session will either be rerouted or a portion of the network will be
unreachable. Route dampening is not enabled by default.

Cisco IOS Firewall Feature Set
- ------------------------------
It is possible to terminate an established TCP-based connection even if
both endpoints are not vulnerable to this attack.

Software Versions and Fixes
===========================
Each row of the table describes a release train and the platforms or
products for which it is intended. If a given release train is
vulnerable, then the earliest possible releases that contain the fix and
the anticipated date of availability for each are listed in the Rebuild,
Interim, and Maintenance columns. In some cases, no rebuild of a
particular release is planned; this is marked with the label "Not
scheduled." A device running any release in the given train that is
earlier than the release in a specific column (less than the earliest
fixed release) is known to be vulnerable, and it should be upgraded at
least to the indicated release or a later version (greater than the
earliest fixed release label).

When selecting a release, keep in mind the following definitions:


  * Maintenance
    Most heavily tested and highly recommended release of any label in a
    given row of the table.


  * Rebuild
    Constructed from the previous maintenance or major release in the
    same train, it contains the fix for a specific vulnerability.
    Although it receives less testing, it contains only the minimal
    changes necessary to effect the repair. Cisco has made available
    several rebuilds of mainline trains to address this vulnerability,
    but strongly recommends running only the latest maintenance release
    on mainline trains.


  * Interim
    Built at regular intervals between maintenance releases and receives
    less testing. Interims should be selected only if there is no other
    suitable release that addresses the vulnerability, and interim images
    should be upgraded to the next available maintenance release as soon
    as possible. Interim releases are not available through
    manufacturing, and usually they are not available for customer
    download from CCO without prior arrangement with the Cisco Technical
    Assistance Center (TAC).


In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the devices
to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current hardware and
software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new
release. If the information is not clear, contact the Cisco TAC for
assistance, as shown in the section following this table.

Fixed Cisco IOS Software Images for Cisco IOS Firewall

+------------+---------------------------------+
|   Major    |    Availability of Repaired     |
|  Release   |            Releases*            |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| Affected   | Rebuild | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.1-Based |         | **      |             |
| Release    |         |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1       | 12.1    |         |             |
|            | (22c)   |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1E      | 12.1    |         |             |
|            | (19)E7  |         |             |
|            +---------+---------+-------------+
|            |         |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| Affected   | Rebuild | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.2-Based |         | **      |             |
| Release    |         |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2       | 12.2    |         |             |
|            | (21b)   |         |             |
|            +---------+---------+-------------+
|            | 12.2    |         |             |
|            | (23a)   |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2T      | 12.2    |         |             |
|            | (11)T11 |         |             |
|            +---------+---------+-------------+
|            | 12.2    |         |             |
|            | (13)T12 |         |             |
|            +---------+---------+-------------+
|            | 12.2    |         |             |
|            | (15)T12 |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| Affected   | Rebuild | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.3-Based |         | **      |             |
| Release    |         |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3       | 12.3    |         |             |
|            | (5c)    |         |             |
|            +---------+---------+-------------+
|            | 12.3    |         |             |
|            | (6a)    |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3T      | 12.3(4) |         |             |
|            | T4      |         |             |
+------------+---------+---------+-------------+

Fixed Cisco IOS Software Releases and Migration Path

+----------+-------------------------------------+
|  Major   | Availability of Repaired Releases*  |
| Release  |                                     |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 11.1     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 11.1     | 11.1 Vulnerable. Migrate to 11.2    |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 11.1AA   | 11.1AA Vulnerable. Migrate to 11.2P |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 11.1CC   | 11.1CC Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.0  |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 11.2     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 11.2     | 11.2(26f)   |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 11.2P    | 11.2(26)P6  |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 11.2SA   | 11.2(8)SA6 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.0                                |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 11.3     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 11.3     | 11.3 Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.0    |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 11.3(11b)T4 |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 11.3(11e)   |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.0     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0     | 12.0(28)    |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0DA   | 12.0DA Vulnerable. Migrate to       |
|          | 12.2DA                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0DB   | 12.0DB Vulnerable. Migrate to       |
|          | 12.1DB                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0DC   | 12.0DC Vulnerable. Migrate to       |
|          | 12.1DC                              |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0S    | 12.0(27)S   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.0(26)S2  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.0(16)S11 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.0(24)S5  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.0(25)S3  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.0(23)S6  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0SL   | 12.0SL Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.0  |
|          | (23)S3                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0ST   | 12.0ST Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.0  |
|          | (26)S2                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0SX   | 12.0(25)SX4 Not built - contact TAC |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0SZ   | 12.0SZ Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.0  |
|          | (26)S2                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0T    | 12.0T Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.1   |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0W5   | 12.0(28)W5  |         |             |
|          | (30)        |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0WC   | 12.0(5)WC9a |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.0WT   | 12.0(13)WT Vulnerable. End of       |
|          | Engineering                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0WX   | 12.0(4)WX Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.0W5                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XA   | 12.0(1)XA Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XB   | 12.0(1)XB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XC   | 12.0(2)XC Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XD   | 12.0(2)XD Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XE   | 12.0(7)XE Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1E Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XG   | 12.0(3)XG Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XH   | 12.0(4)XH Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XI   | 12.0(4)XI Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XJ   | 12.0(4)XJ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XK   | 12.0(7)XK Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XL   | 12.0(4)XL Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XM   | 12.0(4)XM Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XN   | 12.0(5)XN Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XP   | 12.0(5.1)XP Vulnerable. Migrate to  |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XQ   | 12.0(5)XQ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XR   | 12.0(7)XR Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XS   | 12.0(5)XS Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1E Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XU   | 12.0(5)XU Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.0(5)WC                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.0XV   | 12.0(7)XV Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.1     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1     | 12.1(20a)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(4c)    |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(22a)   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1AA   | 12.1(10)AA Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1AX   | 12.1(14)AX  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1AY   | 12.1(13)AY Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.1(14)EA1                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1DA   | 12.2DA Vulnerable. Migrate to       |
|          | 12.2DA                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1DB   | 12.1(5)DB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2B                               |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1E    | 12.1(19)E7  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(22)E1  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(11b)   |         |             |
|          | E14         |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(20)E2 Not built - contact TAC  |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(19)E6  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(13)E13 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(8b)E18 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(14)E10 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(13)E14 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EA   | 12.1(20)EA1 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EB   | 12.1(20)EB  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EC   | 12.1(20)EC  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EO   | 12.1(20)EO  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.1(19)EO2 |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-25 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EU   | 12.1(20)EU  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EV   | 12.1(12c)EV Vulnerable. Migrate to  |
|          | 12.2(RLS4)S                         |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EW   | 12.1(20)EW2 |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1EX   | 12.1EX Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.1  |
|          | (14)E                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1EY   | 12.1(10)EY Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.1(14)E                           |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1T    | 12.1(5)T17  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.1XA   | 12.1(1)XA Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1(5)T18                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XB   | 12.1(1)XB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XC   | 12.1(1)XC Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XD   | 12.1(1)XD Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XE   | 12.1(1)XE Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.1E Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XF   | 12.1(2)XF Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XG   | 12.1(3)XG Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XH   | 12.1(2a)XH Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XI   | 12.1(3a)XI Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2 Latest                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XJ   | 12.1(3)XJ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XL   | 12.1(3)XL Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XM   | 12.1(5)XM Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XP   | 12.1(3)XP Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XQ   | 12.1(3)XQ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XR   | 12.1(5)XR Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XT   | 12.1(3)XT Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XU   | 12.1(5)XU Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1XV   | 12.1(5)XV Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2XB                              |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YA   | 12.1(5)YA Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YB   | 12.1(5)YB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YC   | 12.1(5)YC Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YD   | 12.1(5)YD Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YE   | 12.1(5)YE5 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(2)YC                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YF   | 12.1(5)YF2 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(2)YC                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YH   | 12.1(5)YH2 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(13)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YI   | 12.1(5)YI2 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(2)YC                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.1YJ   | 12.1(11)YJ Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.1EA Latest                       |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.2     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2     | 12.2(19b)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(16f)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(21a)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(23)    |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(12i)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(10g)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(13e)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(17d)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(21b)   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(23a)   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2B    | 12.2(2)B - 12.2(4)B7 Vulnerable.    |
|          | Migrate to 12.2(13)T12              |
|          +-------------------------------------+
|          | 12.2(4)B8 AND FWD Vulnerable.       |
|          | Migrate to 12.3(5a)B1               |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2BC   | 12.2(15)    |         |             |
|          | BC1C        |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2BW   | 12.2(4)BW Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2BX   | 12.2(16)BX2 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2BY   | 12.2(4)BY Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)B                           |
|          +-------------------------------------+
|          | 12.2(8)BY Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)ZB                           |
|          +-------------------------------------+
|          | 12.2(2)BY Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)BZ                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2BZ   | 12.2(15)BZ Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(16)BX                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2CX   | 12.2(11)CX Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(15)BC                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2CY   | 12.2(11)CY Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(13)BC1C                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2DD   | 12.2DD Vulnerable. Migrate to 12.2  |
|          | (4)B1                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2DX   | 12.2(1)DX Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2DD                              |
|          +-------------------------------------+
|          | 12.2(2)DX Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2B Latest                        |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2EW   | 12.2(18)EW  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2JA   | 12.2(13)JA4 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(13)JA2 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(11)JA3 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2MC   | 12.2(15)    |         |             |
|          | MC1B        |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2S    | 12.2(22)S   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(14)S7  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(20)S1  |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(20)S3  |         |             |
|          | Available   |         |             |
|          | on          |         |             |
|          | 2004-Apr-21 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(18)S3  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SE   | 12.2(18)SE  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SW   | 12.2(21)SW  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SX   | 12.2(17a)   |         |             |
|          | SX2         |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SXA  | 12.2(17b)   |         |             |
|          | SXA1        |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SXB  | 12.2(17d)SXB1 Not built - contact   |
|          | TAC                                 |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SY   | 12.2(14)SY3 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2SZ   | 12.2(14)SZ6 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2T    | 12.2(15)T11 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(13)T12 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(11)T11 Not built - contact TAC |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(13)T11 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2XA   | 12.2(2)XA Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(11)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XB   | 12.2(2)XB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XC   | 12.2(2)XC Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)ZB                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XD   | 12.2(1)XD Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XE   | 12.2(1)XE Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XF   | 12.2(1)XF1 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(4)BC1C                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XG   | 12.2(2)XG Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XH   | 12.2(2)XH Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XI   | 12.2(2)XI2 Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XJ   | 12.2(2)XJ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XK   | 12.2(2)XK Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XL   | 12.2(4)XL Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XM   | 12.2(4)XM Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XN   | 12.2(2)XN Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(11)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XQ   | 12.2(2)XQ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XS   | 12.2(1)XS Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(11)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XT   | 12.2(2)XT Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(11)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XU   | 12.2(2)XU Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2XW   | 12.2(4)XW Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(13)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YA   | 12.2(4)YA Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YB   | 12.2(4)YB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YC   | 12.2(2)YC Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(11)T11                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YD   | 12.2(8)YD Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(8)YY                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YE   | 12.2(9)YE Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2S                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YF   | 12.2(4)YF Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YG   | 12.2(4)YG Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(13)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YH   | 12.2(4)YH Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YJ   | 12.2(8)YJ Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(15)T12                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YK   | 12.2(2)YK Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(13)ZC                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YL   | 12.2(8)YL Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YM   | 12.2(8)YM Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YN   | 12.2(8)YN Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YO   | 12.2(9)YO Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.2(14)SY                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YP   | 12.2(11)YP Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2T Latest                        |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YQ   | 12.2(11)YQ Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YR   | 12.2(11)YR Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YS   | 12.2(11)YS Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YT   | 12.2(11)YT Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(15)T                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YU   | 12.2(11)YU Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YV   | 12.2(11)YV Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(4)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YW   | 12.2(8)YW Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YX   | 12.2(11)YX Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(RLS3)S                         |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YY   | 12.2(8)YY Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3(1)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2YZ   | 12.2(11)YZ Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(14)SZ                          |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZA   | 12.2(14)ZA6 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZB   | 12.2(8)ZB Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZC   | 12.2(13)ZC Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZD   | 12.2(13)ZD1 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZE   | 12.2(13)ZE Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3                                |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZF   | 12.2(13)ZF Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(4)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZG   | 12.2(13)ZG Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(4)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZH   | 12.2(13)ZH Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(4)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZI   | 12.2(11)ZI Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.2(18)S                           |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZJ   | 12.2(15)ZJ5 |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.2(15)ZJ4 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZK   | 12.2(15)ZK Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZL   | 12.2(15)ZL Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(7)T                            |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.2ZN   | 12.2(15)ZN Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3(2)T                            |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.2ZP   | 12.2(13)ZP3 |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| Affected | Rebuild     | Interim | Maintenance |
| 12.3     |             | **      |             |
| -Based   |             |         |             |
| Release  |             |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3     | 12.3(3e)    |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.3(6)     |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.3(5b)    |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3B    | 12.3(5a)B   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.3(3)B1   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3BW   | 12.3(1a)BW Vulnerable. Migrate to   |
|          | 12.3B                               |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3T    | 12.3(2)T4   |         |             |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.3(7)T1 Not built - contact TAC   |
|          +-------------+---------+-------------+
|          | 12.3(4)T3   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XA   | 12.3(2)XA Vulnerable. Contact TAC.  |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XB   | 12.3(2)XB2  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XC   | 12.3(2)XC2  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XD   | 12.3(4)XD1  |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XE   | 12.3(2)XE Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.3XF   | 12.3(2)XF Vulnerable. Contact TAC   |
|          | if needed.                          |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XG   | 12.3(4)XG   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XH   | 12.3(4)XH   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XI   | 12.3(7)XI Vulnerable. Migrate to    |
|          | 12.3T                               |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.3XJ   | 12.3(7)XJ Vulnerable. Contact TAC   |
|          | if needed                           |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XK   | 12.3(4)XK   |         |             |
+----------+-------------+---------+-------------+
| 12.3XL   | 12.3(7)XL Vulnerable. Contact Tac   |
|          | if needed                           |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.3XM   | 12.3(9)XM Vulnerable. Contact TAC   |
|          | if needed.                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.3XN   | 12.3(4)XN Vulnerable. Contact TAC   |
|          | if needed.                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| 12.3XQ   | 12.3(4)XQ Vulnerable. Contact TAC   |
|          | if needed.                          |
+----------+-------------------------------------+
| * All dates are estimated and subject to       |
| change.                                        |
|                                                |
| ** Interim releases are subjected to less      |
| rigorous testing than regular maintenance      |
| releases, and may have serious bugs.           |
+------------------------------------------------+

Obtaining Fixed Software
========================
Customers with Service Contracts

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their
regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades
should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide
website at http://www.cisco.com.

Customers using Third-party Support Organizations

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior
or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as
Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact
that support organization for assistance with the upgrade, which should
be free of charge.

Customers without Service Contracts

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors
but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through their point of
sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical
Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.


  * +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)

  * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)

  * e-mail: tac@cisco.com


See http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml for
additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone
numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various
languages.

Please have your product serial number available and give the URL of this
notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades
for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.

Please do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or
"security-alert@cisco.com" for software upgrades.

Workarounds
===========
The effectiveness of any workaround is dependent on specific customer
situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and
organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and
releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support
organization to ensure any applied workaround is the most appropriate for
use in the intended network before it is deployed.

There are no workarounds available to mitigate the effects of this
vulnerability on Cisco IOS Firewall.

For BGP, we will present the workaround and only a few mitigation
techniques. For additional information regarding BGP security risk
assessment, mitigation techniques, and deployment best practices, please
consult ftp://ftp-eng.cisco.com/cons/isp/security/
BGP-Risk-Assesment-v.pdf.


  * BGP MD5 secret

    The workaround for BGP is to configure MD5 secret for each session
    between peers. This can be configured as shown in the following
    example:
      router(config)#router bgp <AS-_number>
      router(config-router)#neighbor <IP_address> password <enter_your_secret_here>

    It is necessary to configure the same shared MD5 secret on both peers
    and at the same time. Failure to do so will break the existing BGP
    session and the new session will not get established until the exact
    same secret is configured on both devices. For a detailed discussion
    on how to configure BGP, refer to the following document
    http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1828/
    products_configuration_guide_chapter09186a00800ca571.html . Once the
    secret is configured, it is prudent to change it periodically. The
    exact period must fit within your company security policy but it
    should not be longer than a few months. When changing the secret,
    again it must be done at the same time on both devices. Failure to do
    so will break your existing BGP session. The exception is if your
    Cisco IOS software release contains the integrated CSCdx23494 (
    registered customers only) fix. With this fix, the BGP session will
    not be terminated when the MD5 secret is changed only on one side.
    The BGP updates, however, will not be processed until either the same
    secret is configured on both devices or the secret is removed from
    both devices.


It is possible to mitigate the exposure for BGP on this vulnerability by
applying one or more of the following measures which will lessen the
potential for the necessary spoofing required to implement a successful
attack:


  * Blocking access to the core infrastructure

    Although it is often difficult to block traffic transiting your
    network, it is possible to identify traffic which should never be
    allowed to target your infrastructure devices and block that traffic
    at the border of your network. Infrastructure access control lists
    (ACLs) are considered a network security best practice and should be
    considered as a long-term addition to good network security as well
    as a workaround for this specific vulnerability. The white paper
    entitled "Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access
    Control Lists", available at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/
    iacl.html, presents guidelines and recommended deployment techniques
    for infrastructure protection ACLs. Exceptions would include any
    devices which have a legitimate reason to access your infrastructure
    (for example, BGP peers, NTP sources, DNS serves, and so on). All
    other traffic must be able to traverse your network without
    terminating on any of your devices.


  * Configure anti-spoofing measures on the network edge
    In order for an adversary to use the attack vector described in this
    advisory, it must send packets with the source IP address equal to
    one of the BGP peers. You can block spoofed packets either using the
    Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) feature or by using access
    control lists (ACLs).
    By enabling uRPF, all spoofed packets will be dropped at the first
    device. To enable uRPF, use the following commands:
        router(config)#ip cef

        router(config)#ip verify unicast reverse-path

    Please consult http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1835
    /products_configuration_guide_chapter09186a00800ca7d4.html and ftp://
    ftp-eng.cisco.com/cons/isp/security/URPF-ISP.pdf for further details
    on how uRPF works and how to configure it in various scenarios. This
    is especially important if you are using asymmetric routing.
    ACLs should also be deployed as close to the edge as possible. Unlike
    uRPF, you must specify the exact IP range that is permitted.
    Specifying which addresses should be blocked is not the optimal
    solution because it tends to be harder to maintain.

    Caution: In order for anti-spoofing measures to be effective,
    they must be deployed at least one hop away from the devices which
    are being protected. Ideally, they will be deployed at the network
    edge facing your customers.

  * Packet rate limiting RST packets are rate-limited in Cisco IOS
    software by default. This feature is introduced in Cisco IOS Software
    Release 10.2. In the case of a storm of RST packets, they are
    effectively limited to one packet per second. In order to be
    successful, an attacker must terminate connection with the first few
    packets. Otherwise, the attack is deemed to be impracticably long. On
    the other hand, SYN packets are not rate-limited in any way.
    Rate limiting can be accomplished either by using Committed Access
    Rate (CAR) or by Control Plane Policing (CPP). While CPP is the
    recommended approach, it is available only for Cisco IOS Software
    Releases 12.2(18)S and 12.3(4)T. It is currently supported only on
    the following routers: 1751, 2600/2600-XM, 3700, 7200, and 7500
    Series.

    CAR can be configured as follows:

        router(config)#access-list 103 deny tcp any host 10.1.1.1 established

        router(config)#access-list 103 permit tcp any host 10.0.0.1

        router(config)#interface <interface> <interface #>

        router(config-if)#rate-limit input access-group 103 8000 8000 8000
            conform-action transmit exceed-action drop

    For details on how to configure and deploy CPP, please consult the
    following document http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/
    ps1838/products_white_paper09186a0080211f39.shtml


Exploitation and Public Announcements
=====================================
The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious use
of the vulnerability described in this advisory.

The exploitation of the vulnerability with packets having RST flag set
(reset packets) was discovered by Paul (Tony) Watson of OSVDB.org. The
extension of the attack vector to packets with SYN flag was discovered by
the vendors cooperating on the resolution of this issue.

Status of This Notice: INTERIM
==============================
This is a INTERIM advisory. Although Cisco cannot guarantee the accuracy of
all statements in this advisory, all of the facts have been checked to
the best of our ability. Cisco does not anticipate issuing updated
versions of this advisory unless there is some material change in the
facts. Should there be a significant change in the facts, Cisco may
update this advisory.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this Security Advisory
that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual
errors.

Distribution
============
This advisory will be posted on Cisco's worldwide website at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20040420-tcp-ios.shtml.

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is
clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following
e-mail and Usenet news recipients.


  * cust-security-announce@cisco.com

  * first-teams@first.org (includes CERT/CC)

  * bugtraq@securityfocus.com

  * vulnwatch@wulnwatch.org

  * cisco@spot.colorado.edu

  * cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net

  * full-disclosure@lists.netsys.com

  * comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com


Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing
lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to
check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History
================
+----------+-------------+----------------+
| Revision | 2004-Apr-20 | Initial public |
| 1.0      |             | release.       |
+----------+-------------+----------------+

Cisco Security Procedures
=========================
Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering
to receive security information from Cisco, is available on Cisco's
worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/
sec_incident_response.shtml. This includes instructions for press
inquiries regarding Cisco Security Notices. All Cisco Security Advisories
are available at http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.

- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

All contents are Copyright © 1992-2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights
reserved. Important Notices and Privacy Statement.
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
Version: GnuPG v1.2.3 (Cygwin)

iD8DBQFAhZTpezGozzK2tZARAkKXAJ9BWwuytT7zwoOL+RkZJPebYN3W3ACfV/+K
0Fd3MvvRlKSETCrlMGL/dZg=
=eDSn
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----


 

Privacy Statement
Copyright 2010, SecurityFocus