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Bypassing Cisco's ICMPv6 Router Advertisement Guard feature
May 23 2011 08:43AM
Marc Heuse (mh mh-sec de)
To bypass the Router Advertisement Guarding feature in the (very few)
Cisco switches (and images) that support it:
Make the evil Router Advertisement fragmented and put the ICMPv6 into
the second fragment, eg. by putting a very large Destination extension
header before the ICMPv6 part.
So the packets look like:
Destination Header (~1400 bytes)
Destination Header (continued with some bytes)
ICMPv6 with RA
To prevent this attack, put the following IPv6 ACL on all ports:
deny ip any any undetermined-transport
This will drop all packets where the switch is not able to identify the
IPv6 transport type like in this attack. Note that this might drop some
unusual valid traffic too.
Craft the packets in a way so that the first fragment has an ICMPv6 echo
request and the second fragment overwrites the first fragment with the
ICMPv6 router advertisement.
Destination Header (8 bytes)
ICMPv6 with Echo Request
Fragmentation Header with offset == 1 (equals position of 8th byte ==
start of Echo Request in first fragment)
ICMPv6 with RA
Note that the handling of overlapping fragments differs between
platforms, some take the first fragment received, others the latest, so
send the packets accordingly to your target.
Hackers win again. Sorry Cisco.
Have fun with IPv6!
P.S. Cisco is informed, they "accept the risk" ...
P.P.S. thc-ipv6 v1.6 was released 10 days ago :-)
PGP: FEDD 5B50 C087 F8DF 5CB9 876F 7FDD E533 BF4F 891A
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