BugTraq
SEC Consult SA-20140228-0 :: Privilege escalation vulnerability in MICROSENS Profi Line Modular Industrial Switch Feb 28 2014 08:01AM
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab (research sec-consult com)
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20140228-0 >
=======================================================================
title: Privilege escalation vulnerability
product: MICROSENS Profi Line Modular Industrial Switch Web
Manager (MS652119PM)
vulnerable version: Firmware version 10.3.1
fixed version: Firmware version 10.3.2
impact: High
homepage: http://www.microsens.com/profi-line-modular/
found: 2013-08-21
by: Christian Kudera, Stefan Riegler
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
https://www.sec-consult.com
=======================================================================

Vendor description:
-------------------
"The new Profi Line Modular switches, from MICROSENS, offer maximum
performance and flexibility in smallest spaces. Robust, modular, expandable
and designed for greatest reliability and shortest recovery times, the Profi
Line Modular series has become the first-choice solution for Industrial
Ethernet."

Source: http://www.microsens.com/profi-line-modular/

Business recommendation:
------------------------
SEC Consult has identified a privilege escalation in the MICROSENS Web Manager
in the course of a very limited infrastructure audit. Very little time was
spent on the affected product.

The Web Manager can be used with read only permission to check the
configuration on the device (e.g. VLANs, Port status). Additionally the Web
Manager can be used with read and write permission to configure the device.

Using the identified vulnerability a low privileged user having read only
permission can elevate his privileges to contain read and write permissions.

Vulnerability overview/description:
-----------------------------------
The Web Manager contains a login form to authenticate a user. The Web Manager
offers different levels of privilege (e.g. read only permission, read and
write permission, debugging permission).

The login attempt is checked through a CGI binary, but the response of the
binary is validated at the client side via JavaScript. An attacker can
intercept and modify the response of the binary, thus achieving authentication
and the desired level of authorization. No further validation is performed by
the Web Manager.

Proof of concept:
-----------------
The login generates the following request to the server:
interf=WEB&bidx=1&unam=root&pawo=&plev=0

This request triggers a CGI binary, which validates the login attempt and
returns the following response:
<xml>
<!-- last change: 17.04.2012 -->
<!-- returned at uptime of 141056 seconds -->
<header>
<version>V0.1</version>
<user>XYZ</user>
<date>2012/05/29 17:28:00</date>
</header>

<response>
<par name="cmd" type="STRING" >
<val>login</val>
</par>
<par name="result" type="UNSIGNED" >
<val>255</val>
</par>
<par name="lunam" type="STRING" >
<val>root</val>
</par>
<par name="liid" type="STRING" >
<val>0</val>
</par>
<par name="rhost" type="STRING" >
<val>192.10.100.136</val>
</par>
<par name="a_s_b" type="STRING" >
<val>0_0_1</val>
</par>
</response>
</xml>

The parameter "result" informs the client about the properness of the provided
login credentials.
The parameter can correspond to the following values:
255 login failed
1 login with read only permission
2 login with read and write permission
3 login with debugging permission

For example, if the value of the parameter "result" is changed to 3, the user
gets logged in with debugging permissions.

Vendor contact timeline:
------------------------
2013-09-10: Contacting vendor
2013-09-11: Sending advisory and proof of concept exploit via encrypted
channel.
2013-09-11: Vendor acknowledges receipt of advisory.
2013-10-18: Vendor responds and wants to release update on 2013-10-31.
2013-10-31: MICROSENS releases fixed version.
2014-02-07: Conference call: Clarifying pending questions regarding the fixed
version.
2014-02-28: SEC Consult releases coordinated security advisory.

Solution:
---------
Update to the most recent firmware version 10.3.2

Workaround:
-----------
All accounts with read only permissions should be disabled on the device.

Advisory URL:
-------------
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/Vulnerability-Lab/Advisories.htm

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

SEC Consult
Vienna - Bangkok - Frankfurt/Main - Montreal - Singapore - Vilnius

Headquarter:
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Phone: +43 1 8903043 0
Fax: +43 1 8903043 15

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Interested in working with the experts of SEC Consult?
Write to career (at) sec-consult (dot) com [email concealed]

EOF Christian Kudera / @2014

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