BugTraq
Lazybone Studios WiFi Music 1.0 iOS - Multiple Vulnerabilities Mar 27 2014 11:24AM
Vulnerability Lab (research vulnerability-lab com)
Document Title:
===============
Lazybone Studios WiFi Music 1.0 iOS - Multiple Vulnerabilities

References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1233

Release Date:
=============
2014-03-21

Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1233

Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
7.1

Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
WiFi Music lets you transfer via Wi-Fi the songs you have in your computer to any iPhone, iPod touch or iPad
in your network. No iTunes required. Now you can share them with your friends and workmates, and stream them
directly to almost any media player!

( Copy to the Vendor Homepage: https://itunes.apple.com/de/app/wifi-music/id469617062 )

Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple critical vulnerabilities in the official Lazybone Studios WiFi Music v1.0 iOS mobile web-application.

Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2014-03-21: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)

Discovery Status:
=================
Published

Affected Product(s):
====================

Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Local

Severity Level:
===============
High

Technical Details & Description:
================================
1.1
A local file include web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Lazybone Studios WiFi Music v1.0 iOS mobile web-application.
A file include web vulnerability allows remote attackers to unauthorized include local file/path requests or system specific path commands
to compromise the web-application or mobile device.

The web vulnerability is located in the `filename` value of the `Upload File` module. Remote attackers are able to inject own files with
malicious `filename` value in the upload POST method request to compromise the mobile web-application. The attack vector is persistent and
the request method is POST. The local file/path include execution occcurs in the main music file dir list. The security risk of the local
file include web vulnerability is estimated as high(+) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 6.7(+)|(-)6.8.

Exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability requires no user interaction but a privileged web-application user account with
low user auth. Successful exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability results in mobile application or connected device
component compromise.

Request Method(s):
[+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Select File > Upload

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] filename

Affected Module(s):
[+] Music File Dir List (http://localhost:8080/)

1.2
An arbitrary file upload web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Lazybone Studios WiFi Music v1.0 iOS mobile web-application.
The arbitrary file upload issue allows remote attackers to upload files with multiple extensions to bypass the web-server or system validation.

The vulnerability is located in the `upload` (video and music) module. Remote attackers are able to upload a php or js web-shells by renaming
the file with multiple extensions to bypass the file restriction mechanism. The attacker uploads for example a web-shell with the following name
and extension `ptest.mp3.html.php.js.aspx.mp3`. After the upload the attacker needs to open the file with the path value in the web application.
He deletes the .mp3 file extension and can access the application with elevated executable access rights. The security risk of the arbitrary file
upload web vulnerability is estimated as high(+) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 7.7(+)|(-)7.8.

Exploitation of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privileged application user account with password.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized file access because of a compromise after the upload of web-shells.

Request Method(s):
[+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Select File > Upload

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] filename (multiple extensions)

Affected Module(s):
[+] Music File Dir List (http://localhost:8080/)

Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
1.1
The local file include web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers without user interaction or privileged application user account.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.

PoC: iChm File Management - Index

<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
<thead>
<tr><th>Name</th><th class="del">Delete</th></tr>
</thead><tbody id="filelist">
<tr><td><a href="/files/%3C[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]%3E" class="file"><./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]"></a></td>
<td class='del'><form action='/files/%3C[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]%3E' method='post'><input name='_method' value='delete'
type='hidden'/><input name="commit" type="submit" value="Delete" class='button' /></td></tr></tbody></table></iframe></a></td></tr></tbody>
</table>

Source: Vulnerable Java Script (iChm File Management - Index)

<script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
var now = new Date();
$.getJSON("/files?"+ now.toString(),
function(data){
var shadow = false;
$.each(data, function(i,item){
var trclass='';
if (shadow)
trclass= " class='shadow'";
encodeName = encodeURI(item.name).replace("'", "'");
$("<tr" + trclass + "><td><a href='/files/" + encodeName + "' class='file'>" + item.name + "</a></td>" + "<td class='del'>
<form action='/files/" + encodeName + "' method='post'><input name='_method' value='delete' type='hidden'/><input name=\"commit\"
type=\"submit\" value=\"Delete\" class='button' /></td>" + "</tr>").appendTo("#filelist");
shadow = !shadow;
});
});
</script>

--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: 302[Found]
POST http://localhost:8080/files Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[67] Mime Type[text/html]
Request Header:
Host[localhost:8080]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
Referer[http://localhost:8080/]
Connection[keep-alive]
POST-Daten:
POST_DATA[-----------------------------280732177711982
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newfile"; filename="<./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE WEB VULNERABILITY!]>"
Content-Type: image/png

Reference(s):
http://localhost:8080/[Index File Dir Listing]

1.2
The arbitrary file upload web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers without user interaction or privileged application user account.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the file upload web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.

PoC: http://localhost:8080/files/[ARBITRARY FILE UPLOAD PATH]-ptest.mp3.html.php.js.aspx.mp3`

--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: 302[Found]
POST http://localhost:8080/files Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Größe des Inhalts[67] Mime Type[text/html]
Request Header:
Host[localhost:8080]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
Referer[http://localhost:8080/]
Connection[keep-alive]
POST-Daten:
POST_DATA[-----------------------------141831923231387
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newfile"; filename="ptest.mp3.html.php.js.aspx.mp3"
Content-Type: image/jpeg

Reference(s):
http://localhost:8080/files

Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
1.1
The local file include web vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable filename value in the upload file POST method request.
Filter and encode also the filename output listing of the index.

1.2
Filter and restrict the file name validation on uploads to prevent arbitrary file upload attacks.
Implement a secure own exception-handling to restrict and disallow files with multiple extensions.
Reset the executable rights for html and php codes in the little web-server settings config for /files.

Security Risk:
==============
1.1
The security risk of the local file include web vulnerability is estimated as high(-).

1.2
The security risk of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability is estimated as high(+).

Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm (at) evolution-sec (dot) com [email concealed]) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]

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=========================
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