UPDATED: MITKRB5-SA-2006-001: multiple local privilege escalation vulnerabilities Aug 16 2006 10:38PM
Tom Yu (tlyu MIT EDU)
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MIT krb5 Security Advisory 2006-001

Original release: 2006-08-08
Last update: 2006-08-16

Topic: multiple local privilege escalation vulnerabilities

Severity: serious

SUMMARY
=======

[patch corrected since original release]

In certain application programs packaged in the MIT Kerberos 5 source
distribution, calls to setuid() and seteuid() are not always checked
for success. A local user could exploit one of these vulnerabilities
to result in privilege escalation. No exploit code is known to exist
at this time. It is believed that the primary risk is to Linux
systems, due to the behavior of their implementation of the setuid()
and seteuid() system calls.

IMPACT
======

Actual impact depends on implementation details within a specific
operating system. Vulnerabilities result when the OS implementations
of setuid() or seteuid() can fail due to resource exhaustion when
changing to an unprivileged user ID. We believe that only unchecked
calls to setuid(), and not calls to seteuid(), are vulnerable on
Linux.

On AIX, Kerberos applications provided by IBM are not vulnerable. If,
in place of or in addition to IBM-provided Kerberos applications, MIT
krb5 code is installed on an AIX system, the affected MIT krb5
applications are vulnerable to the setuid() issues listed in
CVE-2006-3083. We believe that no other operating systems are
affected.

[CVE-2006-3083, VU#580124] The following vulnerabilities may result
from unchecked calls to setuid(), and are believed to only exist on
Linux and AIX:

* Unchecked calls to setuid() in krshd may allow a local privilege
escalation leading to execution of programs as root.

* Unchecked calls to setuid() in the v4rcp may allow a local privilege
escalation leading to reading, writing, or creating files as root.
v4rcp is the remote end of a krb4-authenticated rcp operation, but
may be executed directly by an attacker, as it is a setuid program.

[CVE-2006-3084, VU#401660] The following vulnerabilities may result
from unchecked calls to seteuid(). These vulnerabilities are not yet
known to exist on any operating system:

* Unchecked calls to seteuid() in ftpd may allow a local privilege
escalation leading to reading, writing, or creating files as root.

* Unchecked calls to seteuid() in the ksu program may allow a local
privilege escalation resulting in filling a file with null bytes as
root and then deleting it (the "kdestroy" operation).

AFFECTED SOFTWARE
=================

* The above-listed programs are vulnerable in all releases of MIT
krb5, up to and including krb5-1.5. The krb5-1.5.1 and krb5-1.4.4
releases will contain fixes for these problems.

FIXES
=====

* The upcoming krb5-1.5.1 and krb5-1.4.4 releases will include fixes
for these vulnerabilities.

* Disable krshd and ftpd, and remove the setuid bit from the ksu
binary and the v4rcp binary.

* For the krb5-1.5 release, apply the patch at

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/2006-001-patch_1.5.txt

A PGP-signed version of this patch is at

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/2006-001-patch_1.5.txt.asc

This patch was generated against the krb5-1.5 release, and may apply
to earlier releases with some fuzz. The patch also updates some
calls to other setuid-like system calls on less-common operating
systems, though these calls are less likely to be vulnerable.

Note that the original version of this patch contained an error in
the patch to ksu which introduced a minor bug; this erroneous ksu
patch may be identified by diff header
"*** clients/ksu/main.c (revision 18419)"

* For the krb5-1.4.3 release, apply the patch at

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/2006-001-patch_1.4.3.txt

A PGP-signed version of this patch is at

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/2006-001-patch_1.4.3.txt

This patch was generated against the krb5-1.4.3 release, and may apply
to earlier releases with some fuzz. The patch also updates some
calls to other setuid-like system calls on less-common operating
systems, though these calls are less likely to be vulnerable.

Note that the original version of this patch contained an error in
the patch to ksu which introduced a minor bug; this erroneous ksu
patch may be identified by diff header
"*** clients/ksu/main.c (revision 18419)"

REFERENCES
==========

This announcement and related security advisories may be found on the
MIT Kerberos security advisory page at:

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/advisories/index.html

The main MIT Kerberos web page is at:

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/index.html

CVE: CVE-2006-3083
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2006-3083

CERT: VU#580124
http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/580124

CVE: CVE-2006-3084
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2006-3084

CERT: VU#401660
http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/401660

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
===============

Thanks to Michael Calmer and Marcus Meissner at SUSE for reporting
this problem.

Thanks to Shiva Persaud at IBM for information on AIX.

Thanks to Sachin Punadikar for reporting the error in the ksu patch.

DETAILS
=======

Typically, setuid(), seteuid(), and similar system calls cannot fail
except in cases of inadequate privilege or system misconfiguration.
Unlike other operating systems, Linux and AIX system calls which
change the real user ID can fail if the change would cause the target
user ID to exceed its quota of allowed processes. A local attacker
may be able to exhaust a process quota in a way which artificially
creates such a failure condition. This may result in privilege
escalation when a program making an unchecked call to one of these
system calls expects to continue execution with reduced privilege
following the affected call, but instead continues to run as a
privileged user.

Specific places where various system calls are not checked include:

appl/bsd/krcp.c: setreuid (uncompiled code), setuid (irrelevant
because not installed setuid)
appl/bsd/krshd.c: setuid
appl/bsd/krsh.c: setuid (irrelevant because not installed setuid)
appl/bsd/v4rcp.c: setuid
appl/gssftp/ftpd/ftpd.c: seteuid
client/ksu/main.c: seteuid
lib/krb4/kuserok.c: seteuid (but likely irrelevant)

REVISION HISTORY
================

2006-08-16 updated patch to correct ksu error
2006-08-08 original release

Copyright (C) 2006 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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