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iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08: Multiple Vendor X Server Render Extension Gradient Creation Integer Overflow Vulnerability
Jun 11 2008 08:42PM
iDefense Labs (labs-no-reply idefense com)
iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08
Jun 11, 2008
The X Window System is a graphical windowing system based on a
client/server model. The Render extension is used to provide
Porter-Duff image compositing for the X server. It is built into many X
servers by default and loaded as a default module when it is not. For
more information, see the vendor's site found at the following link.
Local exploitation of an integer overflow vulnerability in the X.Org X
server, as included in various vendors' operating system distributions,
could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of
the X server, typically root.
The vulnerability occurs when parsing a client request for one of the
In each case, values are taken from the client request and used to
calculate the number of bytes to swap in the client request data. The
calculations attempt to verify that the byte swap range if valid, but
they are incorrect, which can lead to heap memory being corrupted.
Exploitation allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code with the
privileges of the X server, typically root. To exploit this
vulnerability, an attacker must be able to send commands to an affected
X server. This typically requires access to the console or access to the
same account as a user who is on the console. One method of gaining the
required access is to remotely exploit a vulnerability in, for example,
a graphical Web browser. This would then allow an attacker to exploit
this vulnerability and elevate their privileges to root.
If an X Server is configured to listen for TCP-based client connections,
and a client is granted access to create sessions (via the xhosts file),
then these vulnerabilities can be exploited remotely.
iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in X.org X11
version R7.3, with all patches as of 03/01/08 applied. Previous
versions may also be affected.
Access to the vulnerable code can be prevented by preventing the X
server from loading the Render extension. However, doing so may
seriously impair the functionality of the server. Adding the following
lines to the X configuration file will disable the Render extension:
Option "RENDER" "disable"
VI. VENDOR RESPONSE
The X.Org team has addressed this vulnerability by releasing patches for
version 1.4 of the X server. For more information, consult the X.Org
advisory at the following URL.
VII. CVE INFORMATION
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CVE-2008-2362 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for
VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
03/26/2008 Initial vendor notification
03/26/2008 Initial vendor response
06/11/2008 Coordinated public disclosure
This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by regenrecht.
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X. LEGAL NOTICES
Copyright © 2008 iDefense, Inc.
Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
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part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically,
please e-mail customerservice (at) idefense (dot) com [email concealed] for permission.
Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct,
indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or
reliance on, this information.
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