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[oCERT-2015-003] MySQL SSL/TLS downgrade
Apr 29 2015 02:00PM
Andrea Barisani (lcars ocert org)
#2015-003 MySQL SSL/TLS downgrade
The MySQL project is an open source relational database management system.
A vulnerability has been reported concerning the impossibility for MySQL users
(with any major stable version) to enforce an effective SSL/TLS connection
that would be immune from man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks performing a
While the issue has been addressed in MySQL preview release 5.7.3 in December
2013, it is perceived that the majority of MySQL users are not aware of this
limitation and that the issue should be treated as a vulnerability.
The vulnerability lies within the behaviour of the '--ssl' client option,
which on affected versions it is being treated as "advisory". Therefore while
the option would attempt an SSL/TLS connection to be initiated towards a
server, it would not actually require it. This allows a MITM attack to
transparently "strip" the SSL/TLS protection.
The issue affects the ssl client option whether used directly or triggered
automatically by the use of other ssl options ('--ssl-xxx') that imply
Such behavior is clearly indicated in MySQL reference manual as follows:
For the server, this option specifies that the server permits but does not require
For a client program, this option permits but does not require the client to
connect to the server using SSL. Therefore, this option is not sufficient in
itself to cause an SSL connection to be used. For example, if you specify this
option for a client program but the server has not been configured to permit
SSL connections, an unencrypted connection is used.
In a similar manner to the new '--ssl' option behaviour, users of the MySQL
client library (Connector/C, libmysqlclient), as of MySQL 5.7.3, can take
advantage of the MYSQL_OPT_SSL_ENFORCE option to enforce SSL/TLS connections.
The vulnerability also affects the MySQL forks MariaDB and Percona Server, as
the relevant 5.7.3 patch has not been pulled, at the time of this advisory, in
their respective stable versions.
MySQL <= 5.7.2
MySQl Connector/C (libmysqlclient) < 6.1.3
Percona Server, all versions
MariaDB, all versions
MySQL >= 5.7.3
MySQl Connector/C (libmysqlclient) >= 6.1.3
Percona Server, N/A
Credit: vulnerability report from Adam Goodman, Principal Security Architect
at Duo Security.
CVE: CVE-2015-3152 (MariaDB, Percona)
2015-03-20: vulnerability report received
2015-03-23: contacted Oracle Security
2015-04-04: oCERT sets embargo date to April 29th
2015-04-20: reporter confirms MariaDB is affected
2015-04-22: contacted MariaDB and affected vendors, assigned CVEs
2015-04-23: contacted Percona
2015-04-29: advisory release
Andrea Barisani | Founder & Project Coordinator
oCERT | OSS Computer Security Incident Response Team
<lcars (at) ocert (dot) org [email concealed]> http://www.ocert.org
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