BugTraq
QuickBooks 2017 Admin Credentials Disclosure Jan 06 2017 05:57PM
info thegrideon com
+ Credits: Maxim Tomashevich
+ Website: https://www.thegrideon.com/quickbooks-forensics.html
+ Details: https://www.thegrideon.com/qb-internals-2017.html

Vendor:
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www.intuit.com
www.intuit.ca

Product:
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QuickBooks Desktop
versions: 2017

Vulnerability Type:
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Admin Credentials Disclosure

Vulnerability Details:
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Unattended access is the major security risk in QuickBooks Integrated Applications infrastructure: it is necessary to store user credentials in order to grant any application unattended access to the database content.

In QuickBooks version 2017 .SDU files are used to store Apps, access rights and login details for QBW files. These .SDU files are stored in one location: "C:\Users\<username>\Intuit\QuickBooks\<hash based subfolder name>\<qbw file name>.sdu".
In contrast to prior versions of QuickBooks 2017 .sdu files are easy to locate and App named "ScheduledReports" is added to .QBW/.SDU records with full Admin data access rights on every .QBW startup! This heavily worsens the situation overall. As far as 2017 R4 update there is no way to permanently remove or disable it.

.SDU file format is very simple:
DWORD dDataSize;
BYTE bEncryptedData[dDataSize];

Data is decrypted with Windows API CryptUnprotectData and 22 bytes constant BYTE OptionalEntropy[22] = {0xA2, 0x48, 0x2E, 0x45, 0x12, 0x9B, 0xC7, 0xAB, 0xE2, 0xAB, 0xC6, 0x63, 0xCA, 0x76, 0xDD, 0xE0, 0x70, 0xB4, 0x84, 0x11, 0x6, 0};

Decrypted data contain two blocks:
180 bytes BASE64 encoded data digital signature.
and BASE64 encoded set of Apps records such as:

appname=ScheduledReports&appsrc=0&certexpire=07%2F05%2F2018&certname=Ver
iSign%20Class%203%20Code%20Signing%202010%20CA&certnum=233AA6FE50417400B
E428D60CF54264B&certstat=0&devname=Intuit%2C%20Inc.;Admin;XX..XX

, where XX..XX is 21 bytes Admin Password Hash used as SQL Anywhere engine password, base for sensitive data decryption, etc.

Thus in QuickBooks 2017 US or CA (upto R4 so far) database "Admin" level credentials are available by default to anybody with current Windows login details for all QBW files created.
Due to fixed location used to store .sdu files they can also be used to collect login credentials for remote access to QB database with a simplest malicious script/code.

Severity Level:
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High

Disclaimer:
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Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this text, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting, and that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and prohibits any malicious use of all security related information or exploits by the author or elsewhere.

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