Linux Non-Readable File Ptrace Vulnerability
Ptrace is a unix system call that is used to analyze running processes, usually for breakpoint debugging. The linux implementation of ptrace in 2.2.x kernels (and possibly earlier versions) contains a vulnerability that may allow an attacker to gain sensitive information in non-readable non-setuid executable files.
For security reasons, regular users are not allowed to ptrace setuid programs (or attach to processes running as another uid) nor are they allowed to trace processes originating from un-readable disk images (binary files). These restrictions are properly enforced in Linux ptrace when using PT_ATTACH to trace aribtrary non-children processes in memory.
When ptrace is called to trace a child process however, it does not properly check to make sure that the disk image is readable to the user. As a result, the process can be traced and its core memory examined. Information compiled into the binary that was meant to be hidden via setting it non-readable may be disclosed to an attacker.
The information obtained could be used to assist in other attacks.